Pepper plants are easy to grow, but unfortunately, many pepper pests and diseases can occur in your garden, and either problem can cause your plants to die.
It is important for any gardener to be prepared to face whatever issues come up, but especially if you expect to eat your crop.
Fortunately, you can learn preventive measures, such as removing garden debris, circulating air and allowing crops to rotate, so that searching your garden can help prevent pests and diseases. If that fails, we have useful remedies for your gardening crisis.
5 Mango Pepper Moth
Compared to other plants, pepper plants have fewer insect problems, but they do not persist. There are many insects who think these plants are tasty and snack-worthy. Here are some of the most common pepper plant pests.
One of the most common pepper pests that gardeners deal with is aphids. These are small, soft-type insects that prefer to stick to the underside of the leaves and stem of the plants. Aphids are usually green or yellow, but some are red, pink, brown, or black. They like to eject sap from plants, while secreting a sticky substance called honeywood that attracts ants and soot molds.
Small aphid infections are rarely a problem, but large infections can cause serious issues. Close most parts of the plant with the most aphids and use neem oil to spray the leaves and any developing fruit. You can also knock out these pests from your plants with a strong jet of water.
For more information, here is our guide to treating aphid infection.
2. Colorado Potato Beetle
These pests not only attack potato plants; They also like to eat chili plants. Potato beetles feed on leaves, and severe infections completely degrade plants. Adult potato beetles are recognizable because they are black with yellow stripes, and the larvae are red with black heads.
Adult beetles emerge in spring, and the female lays eggs in batches of two dozen or more. It is important to remove adults and plant larvae by hand as you spot them. You can also apply Bacillus thuringiensis For your garden, that effectively controls the larva, but you have to apply BT repeatedly to make it work.
One of the most common pepper pests is biting the chewing seedlings through the base of young plants almost overnight. They also chew leaves. Catworms are nocturnal, so if you go to your garden at night with a flashlight, you can pick up these pests by hand.
Rubbing the soil around the base of your plants helps to remove the cutworms so that you can remove them by hand. Coffee grounds, egg peels, and diatomaceous earth are sprayed to discourage pests. You should make a collar around your plants with aluminum foil or cardboard to prevent the worm sliced from eating the stems of your plants.
Read our guide on how to get rid of cutworm in your garden.
4. Flea Beetle
Flea beetles love pepper plants; They are one of the most common pepper plant pests. They cause small holes or pits in the leaves, making the leaves look like Swiss cheese. Young plants and seedlings are the most likely to suffer damage from flea beetles, reducing or stunting plant growth.
Floating row cover is a good place to place on top of your weak plants. If you put a cover on your garden beds as soon as they are planted, they will be able to establish the beetles before they become a serious problem. Mature plants are less vulnerable to flea beetles.
If you already have flea beetle problems, there are a few things you can do. First, some applications of diatomaceous earth, along with neem oil, effectively take care of these pests. Both organic gardening are safe. If you are not an organic gardener, consider using pesticides that include Carbaryl, Spinosad, Bifentrin, and Permethrin.
Read more about flea beetles in your garden.
5. Pepper wave
These insects like to feed on pepper plants, especially buds and young fruits. The larvae feed on the fruits, causing them to become T. midspan and become depressed. Eventually, buds and fruit fall from the plant.
These pests breed quickly; Many generations occur every year. This makes these pests difficult to control because you need to kill them all, including the eggs, or they keep coming back.
Removing infected plants is a starting point to get rid of pepper mite, and make sure you remove any dropped fruits on the soil surface. Spraying plants with pesticides that contain pyrethrin is an effective option to get rid of pepper mite.
5 Mango Pepper Diseases
The only problem with pests is not what your pepper plants are; Pepper plant diseases are also common. Dealing with pepper plant diseases is frustrating, and you have three possible infections: bacteria, viral, and fungal. Let us look at the most common diseases.
Anthracnose is a fungal infection that goes after most vegetative plants and causes extensive crop damage if left untreated. This causes circular sores on the fruits; These lesions have tan, orange, or black rings in the center. Gradually, the wounds grow, sometimes covering the entire fruit, and you can see the wounds on the leaves.
It is sometimes difficult to deal with anthracnose. Start by sowing disease-free seeds and rotating the crops is the best way to prevent this disease.
Take a look at our guide to anthracnose.
2. Mosaic Virus
As the name suggests, the mosaic virus is a viral infection of plants, and once your plant is infected, there is nothing you can do to get rid of it. The virus spreads like aphids from either seeds, soil or sap-sucking insects.
Several symptoms indicate mosaic virus. You can see the green and yellow leaves and the overall growth of the plant. This virus reduces pepper production, and it creates a bumpy surface in the form of pepper.
Once infected, any treatment will not help your plants. The best thing is to remove pepper plants from your garden and burn them to prevent them from spreading. Instead, gardeners recommend that you focus on insect preventive measures, such as keeping pests at bay, hoping to avoid this viral infection.
Learn more about tobacco mosaic virus by reading our guide.
3. Pepper Leaf Spot
Pepper leaf spot is a common bacterial infection that is most common in rainy, moist, hot climates. Bacteria love these conditions, so they are easily spread from plant to plant by touch, seed and soil.
Peepal leaf spot causes many symptoms on your plant, such as yellow and green spots on the leaves which turn into brown spots at later stages. You may have noticed that the spots that appear on the peppers, and the pepper, eventually begin to rot.
Make sure that you remove all pepper plants infected with the pepper leaf spot; The bacteria spread very easily to keep these plants in your garden. Then, try spraying with a natural fungicide. Even though leaf spots are bacteria, fungal treatment has been helpful for this infection. Copper-based fungicides are the most effective.
4. Phytophthora blight
Phytophthora blight is a soil-borne plant disease that usually spreads when water splashes soil on the foliage. Most people are familiar with early and late blurring; It is similar but not identical.
Some of the symptoms that are caused by Phytophthora blight are large, brownish leaf spots that pierce the leaves. The stems become brown or black at the base of the plant, or the roots rot, leading to the death of the plant. Fruits also rot when exposed to infected soil.
Unfortunately, like early and late blight, there are no effective treatments for Phytophthora blight. The best step is to use preventive measures such as planting your pepper plants in raised garden beds or containers to improve drainage. It is also necessary not to water your garden.
5. Verticillium wilt
Verticillium wilt is a bacterial infection that affects pepper plants and other vegetable plants, and it damages entire crops if not caught early. It is most common throughout the southeastern United States.
This bacteria blocks the vascular tissue of the plant, making it impossible to send water and nutrients to the rest of the plant. Symptoms first begin on one side of the plant; You will notice the starting and discoloration on one side and gradually increase to the other side. As the bacteria grow, it leads to the complete collapse and death of the plant.
Always remove infected plants and destroy them immediately. Adding beneficial bacteria to the soil is one way to help in the treatment of Verticillium wilt, but it is difficult to control the devastating disease.
Take a look at our guide on how to treat Verticillium wilt.
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