Common Carrot Plant Pests and Diseases

12 Berry Bush Pests and Diseases and How to Stop Them

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Are you Rubus Are the bushes dying, or is your crop not what it should be? You can have one of many common berry bush pests and diseases.

There are many different types Rubus Species, but they share common pests and diseases. From raspberries and blackberries to salmonberries, pests and diseases these berry bushes love it as much as we love eating delicious fruits.

Do not let problems steal your berries; Read this guide to learn how to look for signs of problems and find the best ways to deal with them.

7 Common Berry Bush Pests

We will discuss berry diseases a little, but first: here are some of the most common berry bush pests that can destroy your plants.

1. Aphids

Aphids are small, pinhead-shaped insects that gather together under leaves and stems. They suck the sap of the plant, leaving a sticky residue called honeydew on your plants. Honeydew is a problem because it attracts ants and soot molds.

Usually, aphids are not considered a problem until the infection becomes very large. At that point, start by killing insects from your plants with a strong jet of water. Then, use neem oil or horticultural oil to prevent aphids from coming back.

Take a look at our guide on how to treat aphids in your garden.

2. Cane borer

Adult sugarcane borers are long antenna beetles with a black head and a yellow to orange body, which is about 1/2 inch in length. The larvae are the real problems, and they look like grubs with light colored bodies. Adult cane eggs lay atop berry bushes, eventually coming out of the cane and moving into the soil.

The larvae eat cane, and you usually see sawdust from loss. Cane can grow and die back. Pruning helps disrupt the life cycle, and to help prevent the travel and spread of this berry bush pest, you should always remove the infected cane.

3. Fruitworm

Sometimes called raspberry beetles, fruit worms are reddish-brown beetles that are 1/4 inch long. The larvae are small grubs that are creamy-white with darker bands. Adult fruit insects emerge from the soil in the spring when the temperature is sufficiently warm.

Adult fruit worms make a hole in the flower buds, allowing the larvae to feed on the berries. They also like to eat the leaves, which eventually leads to discoloration of the plant and all fruits are destroyed. The damage from beetles varies from mild to severe.

Cleaning the plant debris and taking out sticky traps helps catch the beetles, but you may need to use pesticides if you have a serious problem. Look for an insecticide that contains spinosad, which is considered organic.

4. Japanese Beetle

The Japanese beetle is one of the easiest berry bush pests to recognize. Adult beetles are metallic-green in color, and larvae are cream colored. The larvae feed on the roots of the berry bushes before reaching maturity. Adult Japanese beetles eat the leaves of your plants, eventually skeletonizing the leaves.

If you have a small infection, manual removal helps reduce the population. Using gloved hands, remove the beetles from the plants and drop them into a bucket of warm soapy water. Another option is to spray your plants with neem oil.

5. Leafhopper

Leafhoppers are small, winged insects that vary in color; You usually find leafhoppers on the underside of leaves. An infection slows down the growth of the berry bush. Eventually, the leaves turn white, stippled or speckled. Over time, the leaf tips wither and die.

A major problem with leafhopper infections is that these pests often carry diseases, so an infection can cause serious problems. You want to get rid of these insects; Pesticide soap or horticultural oil are effective remedies.

Here is our guide for leafhoppers in the garden.

6. mites

Mites are pin-shaped arthropods that vary in color because there are many types of mites. Most of the time, you will find these pests on the underside of the leaves. They like to suck the juice from the leaves, which gives a bronze appearance on the leaves. If you have a serious mite infection, it leads to silken webbing and discoloration of plants.

Leaving natural predators in your garden is one way of controlling mite populations. Try Western hunter mites or lacewings. Most mitesides and insecticides do not work as these pests have become resistant to them.

See our guide to dealing with mites.

7. Thrips

Thrips are thin, small, winged insects that are up to 1/8 inch in length. Nymphs are light yellow and active, while adults are black or yellow-brown, but some have red or white markings.

When there are thrips on your berry bushes, they feed on the foliage, sucking up the sap of the plant, causing discoloration and deformation. These insects are similar to mites when it comes to damage. Using pesticide soap and horticultural oils Rubus There are effective remedies for taking plants.

Learn how to deal with thrips infection with our guide.

5 Common Berry Bush Diseases

Now, let’s take a look at some of the most common berry bush diseases you can find on your plants.

1. Anthracnose

One of the most common berry bush diseases is anthracnose, a fungal infection that lives in soil and infects shrubs by splattering on leaves by rain or irrigation. Anthracnose thrives in hot, wet climates, and grows on old cane. While the disease is most common on raspberry plants, it infects anyone. Rubus The species

This fungal infection causes reddish-brown sunken spots with purple edges on the leaves as well as spots on young seedlings. You can see wounds on the cane between the leaves where it grows. Anthracnose causes the leaves of the plant to fall quickly and the fruits may dry up.

Take a look at our guide on anthracnose to learn how to get rid of this fungal infection.

2. Ken Tusshar

Cane blight is a fungal disease caused by Leptosphaeria Coniotherium, And it spreads when rain or irrigation splashes the infected soil on the leaves of your plants. Then, it enters wounds made by various insects or by pruning. This fungus prefers warm, wet weather, so it spreads most rapidly in late spring and early summer.

This fungal disease causes large, brown, dead areas on your plants called cankers. Finally, the leaves on the berry bushes begin to wilt and fade. Be sure to cut the cane under the canker; Always disinfect pruning scissors between bites. Prune plants to improve air circulation and avoid overhead watering to prevent propagation.

3. Gray Mold

Gray mold is sometimes called botrytis fruit rot because of what it causes Botrytis cinerea, A fungus that lives in winter in fallen fruit and infected plant debris. It spreads early in early spring because it prefers warm, wet weather.

You will see a gray, hairy mold from which the flowers rot, and it spreads on the ripening fruits. It is important to remove and destroy the infected fruit cane and never leave the fruit or debris on the ground.

Prune the plant to improve air circulation, but since it is a rapidly spreading fungal infection, it is difficult to get rid of it completely. Some fungicides may be able to slow down the spread.

4. Leaf Curl Cur

Leaf curl is a virus that is spread by pests such as aphids, and is usually fatal to infected plants. However, the virus is acting slow, so the plants shrink over a period of two to three years.

Symptoms cause the leaves to thicken and curl, just like when you have an aphid infection. Then, the leaves begin to be dull, yellowish-green, and you may have stopped the growth of the shoot. As the disease progresses, the plants become dwarf and produce little or no fruit. Finally, the entire plant dies.

Since there is no cure for leaf curl, it is necessary to prevent aphids from spreading in your garden. Remove infected plants as soon as the virus is detected.

5. Spur Blight

Sper blight is a fungal infection that spreads through the air or sprays infected soil onto the leaves through rain or irrigation. In late spring, spur blight causes purple or brown discoloration on leaves and buds. Gradually, these spots become larger, spreading under the cane, covering the area between the leaves. The leaves also turn yellow and fall.

It is important to remove your old-fashioned cane Rubus Keep the bushes and the growing area around your bushes clean. Pruning is necessary to improve air circulation. You can use neem oil and copper fungicide to treat spur blight.

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