Like clockwork, flowers and perennials emerge at each flowering season with fresh buds, fresh colors and bold aromas. By definition, perennials are plants that live for more than two years, and the name literally translates to “over the years”. Unlike short-lived annual or biennial plants (plants that take two years to grow), these varieties require little maintenance after their initial planting. This means that they are a great option for anyone looking to add lasting beauty to their garden, yard, or woods.
Here we have gathered the best perennials to grow this year – and all the following years – with their zone requirements, sun requirements, and optimal flowering times. Keep in mind that not all perennials are created equal: some are short-lived, which means that they will only flower for a few years before disappearing completely. Others, like the ever-popular daylily, bloom only one day a year. All in all, many of these flowering and leafy beauties make great ground covers, borders and garden pollinators.
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- 1 Hostas
- 2 Shasta Daisy (Leucanthemum)
- 3 False Indigo (Baptisia)
- 4 Daylily (Hemerocallis)
- 5 Phlox
- 6 Lupins
- 7 Butterfly shrub (summer lilac)
- 8 Hydrangeas
- 9 Yarrow (Achillea)
- 10 Sedum (Orpin)
- 11 Ornamental grass
- 12 Goldenrod (Solidago)
- 13 Asters (Astereae)
- 14 Allium
- 15 Coneflowers (Echinacea)
- 16 Sage (Salvias)
- 17 Tick seed (Coreopsis)
- 18 Lavender
- 19 Coral bells (Heuchera)
- 20 Russian sage (Perovskia)
- 21 Perennial Plants To Grow – Things To Look For
Bring a tropical look to your garden with this low-maintenance foliage, which comes in a variety of green shades with white or purple flowers during summer or fall. Although many tout Hostas as shade-loving plants, this is not necessarily the case: the lighter the leaves, the more sun they need to thrive. Otherwise, they are fairly tolerant and can live for decades if cared for properly.
Zones 3 to 9; prefers partial shade; blooms from summer to fall
Shasta Daisy (Leucanthemum)
If your neighborhood deer is munching on everything in sight, consider planting a patch of shasta daisies. In addition to being resistant to deer and rabbits, these short-lived perennials grow in clumps, filling empty spots with bright bursts of white and yellow. Bonus: you can cut the flowers to the stem for an instant vase filling or a centerpiece, and they will grow back in no time.
Zones 5-8; prefers full sun; blooms from late spring to fall
False Indigo (Baptisia)
A year after planting, lupine-like flowers will appear, filling your garden with shades of blue, purple, and green. They are essentially free of disease and pests, which means that nothing can stop them from growing year after year. Over the years (okay, decades), they’ll grow up to four feet tall and fill up like a shrub.
Zones 5-9; prefers full sun / especially the sun; blooms from late spring to early summer
Affectionately nicknamed the “perfect perennial”, daylilies survive almost anything – fluctuating temperatures, irregular watering, etc. They come in a variety of colors and sizes, so you can find the right option for your garden or landscaping. And while each stem grows several flowers, keep in mind that the buds only flower for one day.
Zones: 4-9; prefers full sun / partial shade; blooms in early summer
From early spring, the low-growing phlox flowers as a ground cover. Then during the summer months, the tall phlox – three to five feet tall – appears, creating a colorful backdrop for all small growers. Whatever the height, all of these star-shaped flowers emit a powerful scent and require little TLC.
Zones 2 to 9; prefers full sun but tolerates shade; blooms from spring to summer
Lupins are frequently spotted in the wild – have you ever heard of Texas Bluebonnets? – but you can also grow these thorny flowers in your home garden. Throughout their short life, the stems can reach up to five feet tall, with red, white, yellow, pink or purple flowers that look like pea flowers.
Zones 4 to 7; prefers full or partial sun; blooms from spring to summer
Butterfly shrub (summer lilac)
Just as the name suggests, the flowers of these shrubs attract tons of butterflies throughout the summer and fall months. While the flowers are white and dark purple, the lavender pink flowers are the most attractive to the winged beauties in your area. Even if they are maintenance, the shrub requires annual pruning to keep it in the shade of the summit for the coming year.
Zones 5 to 10; prefers full sun; blooms from summer to fall
Hydrangeas have been popular for decades, and for good reason: larger-than-life flower heads mix elegance and charm, adding hints of pink, lavender, blue and white to gardens. To make sure they live fully (50 years!), Plant them in the spring after the last spring frost or in autumn before the first autumn frost.
Zones 3 to 9; prefers partial sun; blooms from summer to fall
This robust and versatile perennial is as carefree as possible: the yarrow is resistant to pests, spreads quickly and is a major pollinator. As it grows quickly, use it as a ground cover or to fill open meadows or large spaces. Once the red, yellow, pink or white flowers are in bloom, cut them off (aka deadhead) when their color begins to fade to encourage more flowers to grow.
Zones 3 to 9; prefers full sun; blooms in summer
Pollinators love clusters of star-shaped flowers – and gardeners too! Depending on the size of your space, choose between a low-growing sedum (a great ground cover option!) Or a vertical sedum. Both varieties offer the same beautiful results: succulent leaves with tiny pink, red or yellow flowers.
Zones 3-10; prefers full sun (low growth sedum tolerates partial shade); blooms from summer to fall
Keep these small growers in mind for borders, borders and ground covers. There are tons of herbs to choose from: opt for Carex Evergold to add a bright yellow hue, or blue fescue to complement the blues and purples of your garden.
The areas vary; most prefer partial shade; blooms from spring to summer
Add a little contrast to the herbs and greens in your garden with golden yellow tips. Some people think of the goldenrod as a weed – and that is because it grows quickly and can overtake your garden if not treated with care. But if you tame it from one season to the next or if you prefer the wildflower look, it’s a great choice.
Zones 2 to 8; prefers full to partial sun; blooms from late summer to fall
Star-shaped flower heads can look the same as daisies, but they are an entirely different type of perennial. Plants, which can grow from eight inches to eight feet tall, really come to life in late summer, giving bees and butterflies a large supply of late-season pollen.
Zones 3 to 8; prefers full sun; blooms from late summer to fall
Believe it or not, these purple pompom flowers are actually part of the onion family – the spherical shape is similar, right? Once planted, they can remain intact for years, especially since rodents, deer and pests tend to avoid them. Their skinny stems stand 30 inches tall, which sets them apart from ground cover and low growing varieties.
Zones 3 to 9; prefers full sun; blooms from summer to fall
Make a bold statement by planting masses of coneflowers in a range of pinks, purples, oranges and yellows. Since they are part of the daisy family, these problem-free flowers have similar qualities: they grow quickly, themselves all season long, attract butterflies and tolerate little or no water.
Zones 3 to 9; prefers full sun; blooms from summer to fall
The kitchen herb you know and love is actually a type of Salvia. This floral beauty, however, works well as a garden border, attracting bees, hummingbirds and butterflies throughout the summer. Over time, they will grow 18 inches to five feet tall, despite heat or drought.
Zones 5 to 10; prefers full sun; blooms from spring to fall
Tick seed (Coreopsis)
This joyful flower has more than 80 species, all of which share a similar buttery yellow hue. The low-maintenance, drought-tolerant perennial has a relatively short lifespan, which lasts three years in southern climates and four years in the north.
Zones 4 to 9; prefers full sun; blooms from late spring to summer
Bring the sights and smells of the Mediterranean to your garden by growing this aromatic plant. It grows particularly well in areas with warm temperatures and little rain, making it a great addition for extreme climates.
Zones 5 to 9; prefers full sun; blooms from late spring to early summer
Coral bells (Heuchera)
The small bell-shaped flowers that spring from this foliage plant attract hummingbirds during the summer months. But really, they are often used as a ground cover or as a border in woods or rock gardens.
Zones 4-8; prefers full sun or partial shade; blooms from spring to summer
Russian sage (Perovskia)
This woody shrub has a weeping effect: it begins to grow, then falls due to the weight of the long panicles of flowers. Throughout the summer, the pale blue flowers turn into bright cyan blue.
Zones 4 to 9; prefers full sun; blooms in summer
Perennial Plants To Grow – Things To Look For
If you are new to gardening, perennial plants will not only help you to have a wider selection of plants to grow, but also they are more likely to survive the harsh winter and are not afraid to take on colder temperatures. When choosing what perennials to grow, there are a few factors that you should take into consideration. You should first of all check the climate where you live in order to determine which plant is best suited for your area.
If you are looking to find plants that are more difficult to grow, then you should make sure that you purchase plants that are native to your local area. Potted perennials that are native to your area are very hardy and canable to withstand the winter. However, if you buy perennials that have been imported, you should be careful when they are planted as the winter can kill these plants.
In addition, you should ensure that the plant you choose has a strong root system. This ensures that the plant is able to withstand the cold. These roots will be much stronger as compared to those of annuals which allow you to just start planting and not worry about them.
Temperature and wind are also important considerations. It is important that the plants you choose to grow survive from spring until autumn. If you do not have the time to wait through the winter then it is better to choose plants with shorter season than those with long seasons.
It is much easier to grow a plant that grows for a long season than one that is only a short season. The benefit is that the plants that are only a short season are not as hardy as those that grow for a long season. The short-seasonseason plants are able to cope with the cold weather whereas the long-season plants cannot.
It is also important to remember that perennials that are grown for a long season can lose their fragrance and flavor after a long period of winter. It is always better to select plants that are hardy to be able to cope with the changes brought about by cold weather. If you are unsure of whether the plant you are considering growing is hardy or not, you should contact a gardening expert.
However, it is important to remember that it is easy to get confused when it comes to choosing between different plants. This is why many gardeners choose to go for potted perennials as this will make it easier for them to know what to look for. The best way to prepare is to start looking around for these plants before you buy the plant.
The right plants will keep their fragrance, and flavor as well as their color as long as they are planted properly. With the proper preparation, you can be sure that you will be able to choose the best and have many beautiful plants to choose from.