Houseplants provide a little piece of nature indoors, whether you’re in the middle of a city or on a farm. Like outdoor plants, houseplants sometimes struggle to survive. When your houseplants begin to die, it may not be a pest or disease, but one of several growing problems.
For example, the wrong terms include Light, temperature, water, humidity and nutrition Among the most common houseplant problems that can kill your beautiful plants. We’ll help you sort everything out so your houseplants can flourish.
Why the right environment is important for houseplants
To understand how the environment affects houseplants, we need to understand why these factors are important in the first place.
When most people think of the causes of plant rot, the first thing that comes to mind is pests or diseases. If you can, do a thorough research on your plant’s specific needs before bringing it into your home. This way you will avoid any kind of trouble in future. However, even the best researchers sometimes overlook the simplest details.
Here are the basics that all plants need.
There are three major factors that contribute to the effect of light on plant growth: Quantity, quality and nutrition.
Quantity– This refers to the amount and intensity of sunlight that can vary depending on the time of year. For example, there is always more sunshine in the summer.
Every plant needs the right amount of light to sustain itself through photosynthesis. Therefore, even in winter when sunlight is scarce, there are some ways to maximize the sunlight available during the day. You can add a white background behind the plant, hang more lights nearby, or add reflective material.
Quality– This is where it can get a little confusing, but it’s worth noting for those of you who are new to caring. Depending on the type of light, the color (wavelength) changes. For example, sunlight provides all wavelengths. The best colors are blue and red as they have the best effect on plants for vegetative and flower development.
Period- Also known as photoperiod, it refers to the time the plant is exposed to light. There are different amounts of light depending on what type of plant you have. The three types of photoperiod are short-day, long-day or day-neutral. As you can imagine, the short-day is shorter than the long-day and the neutral-day does not have maximum light exposure. It’s a good idea to double-check which one is relevant to your plants.
The right temperature can determine the outcome of many major plant processes such as photosynthesis, transpiration, respiration, germination and flowering. It plays an important role in the growth of your plants. Each plant requires a different temperature, and this can sometimes vary depending on what season it is.
This is why there are two different classifications for plants, hardy and non-hardy. Hardy plants are those that can survive in cold temperatures, while non-hardy plants cannot. For example, some hardy plants can normally survive up to 10°F, although this can vary by species.
The bottom line is, check the temperature requirements for all your plants throughout the year. While this is of little relevance to houseplants, as we generally keep our homes at a regulated temperature, it applies to some plants that require a dormant period. Some plants cannot survive until they have gone dormant for a few months in cold temperatures.
water and moisture
There is no doubt that water and moisture are vital for your plant to bloom and thrive in your luxurious home.
Why do plants need water?
- photosynthesis and respiration
- Regulates turgor pressure in cells
- Helps minerals and carbohydrates travel through the plant
- leaves cool
Plants need a balanced amount of water and moisture to survive. This is why some plants die in the summer if they are not given the required amount of water. Plants would not survive without both.
People usually associate nutrition with fertilization, but they are actually two different things. Nutrition like the human body means that the plant needs certain chemical elements to live. Fertilization occurs when external material is added to the plant.
The three chemical elements that plants need to survive are carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. All of these are found in the air around the plant and in the soil the plant is growing in. Again, they need the macro-nutrients potassium, nitrogen, and phosphorus as well as many micronutrients.
Soil depletes over time, which is why we usually refresh it through repotting and fertilizers.
Common Houseplant Problems
Ultimately, everyone can hit a rocky patch with houseplants because everyone lives in different climates and homes. However, the most important rule of plant care is not to give up immediately. Plants are remarkably resilient and can recover from trauma with the right care and love.
What happens if your plant doesn’t get the right amount of these five things: Light, temperature, water, humidity and nutrition? That’s when you see houseplant problems come to the fore. Here are the big ones:
1. fill more water
As mentioned above water is one of the main elements that plants need to grow, but that doesn’t mean you can’t over-water your plant. In fact, it is one of the most frequent causes of plant death. If there is too much water, the roots will not get enough air and vital nutrients will be lost.
How can you spot overwatering?
- yellow leaves
- Wet soil
- heavy pot
- mildew or fungus in the soil
- brown spots on leaves
Yes, submerging your houseplant in water can also cause problems. If your plant is not getting enough water, the leaves will wither or discolor, and there may be yellow, dry leaves. You may also see dry leaf tips. Roots may also come to the surface in need of water.
The best way to avoid this is to learn as much as you can about your plants’ water needs so they can live long, healthy lives! Some plants need to dry out between waterings (see succulent) and some need to be fairly moist at all times (many ferns).
You also need to consider the temperature and humidity of your home. The internal environment is generally drier than the external environment. This means watering more often.
3. bulk temperature
Plants are very delicate and can become stressed if the temperature around them is too high. Like over watering, too much heat can cause damage and too little heat can kill your plant. The most useful trick is to maintain a moderate temperature throughout the year. Tea
hat way, your plants will not be at risk of being exposed to extremely high or low temperatures.
If you’re planning a vacation, you can ask a friend to look after them while you’re away to keep track of their progress. Or you can set your thermostat to maintain a constant temperature.
4. wrong humidity level
Most houseplants require between 50%-60% to grow properly, however, the average home has less than that. A good rule of thumb is that the thinner the leaf, the more moisture the plant needs. Of course, you should always double-check the requirements of each plant, but this is a good average.
How can you tell if your plant isn’t getting enough moisture?
- leaves are wrinkled or brown
- the flowers have fallen
- leaf tips turn brown
- new growth is twisted or wrinkled
If your plants lack moisture, you may want to move them to more humid areas of the house. Usually the humidity in the kitchen or bathroom is high. You can group plants to increase the humidity or place them on moisture trays, which are trays filled with pebbles and water.
You may also be familiar with the term leaf scald, which is another name for the plant’s sunburn. If you don’t catch it soon enough, it can cause irreversible damage to your plant. This houseplant problem occurs when there is too much direct sunlight.
Usually, the leaves turn brown and fall off.
If you’re lucky enough to spot the problem early, you can still save your plant. You just need to move it inside or in a cool place to give it time to recover.
6. frequent transfer
Plants are not much different from us humans. They like stability and predictability. So, if you move them around a lot they get stressed as they have to constantly adapt to the new environment. Once you’ve found the sweet spot where your plant is happy, try not to move it or you risk harming its health.
7. wrong soil
Every plant needs the right soil. However, finding a good houseplant soil and avoiding problems is fairly simple. You just have to double check the packaging and make sure it will work with your plant!
You don’t want to plant cactus soil with moisture in it. Plants in the wrong soil can have yellow leaves, rotting leaves, or simply fail to thrive.
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Idea Source: morningchores.com
- 1 Why the right environment is important for houseplants
- 2 Common Houseplant Problems