Best Varieties, Planting Guide, Care, Problems and Harvest
From the same family as mulberry and jackfruit, breadfruit has the same texture as freshly cooked bread, and has a potato-like flavor.
Today, breadfruit is grown in more than 90 countries. You can grow it too, as long as your climate is right, of course.
Let’s get started on how to grow this historically significant fruit (which is just for yum taste)!
What is breadfruit?
Breadfruit (Artocarpus altis) Can be found growing worldwide, used for food, medicine, boat building, and to prevent erosion of hills. All parts of the tree are used, and they are an important part of the ecosystem, wherever they grow.
Breadfruit, originally from New Guinea, was spread around the Pacific by the islanders as they searched. Later, Europeans became interested in breadfruit in the early 1500s and took the trees to various islands as they traveled.
Varieties of breadfruit
There are hundreds of breadfruit varieties, and many look completely different from the standard green orb often seen in photographs. Some are perfect for home growing, so we’ll cover those varieties.
It is a large variety that starts spikey, but spikes fall as the fruit ripens. They have a yellow and green skin with pale yellow flesh. ‘Arvi’ cooks quickly and has one of the best flavors of all breadfruit.
This is a common variety that is much smaller than some other breadfruit. It requires a longer cooking time than ‘Arvi’, but it is tender and has a peculiar taste.
This is my choice of breadfruit, and if you are able to get your hands on it, it is worth trying. The skin is yellow and green, with yellow flesh. It is a quick-cooking bread with a subtle flavor that is sought after.
‘Paya’ is a large variety that takes at least one hour to cook. It is a bright yellow color, and once cooked the meat escapes to eat.
A variety of sought-after, ‘Havana’ has lovely sweet meat, but they do not last long. Once raised, they are destroyed within a few days. Cook them, and they have a delicious taste that will make you fall in love with breadfruit.
Other varieties worth checking include:
There are literally hundreds of more breadfruit varieties, but the ones listed above are best suited for home gardens.
How to plant breadfruit
Breadfruit can be planted in USDA zones 9b to 11.. The average air temperature during the growing season should be between 60–100 ° F. Anything below 40 ° F will damage or kill your breadfruit tree.
You can keep them in containers in cold areas and take them out in the summer, although they can be heavy as you need a larger pot.
Breadfruits require full sun. If you have planted them in a pot, rotate them throughout the day so that if they are not enough in one place, follow the sun.
One of the great things about breadfruit is that it can thrive in a wide variety of soils, but they prefer soils that are fertile, deep and well drains. Soil with a little sand is ideal.
It requires a pH of 6.0 to 7.4.
Breadfruits are large. They can grow anywhere between 65 and 85 feet, so you need to make sure that you have space for a tree that is tall.
If you don’t want to let that big, prune grow about 25 feet high and maintain it at that height. You can also try to keep it small, but it will affect the number of fruits you get.
In spring, when the temperature is consistently above 40 ° F, plant a breadfruit, but it is better to be close to 60 ° F.
You can buy or cut seeds from fruits.
For your own crop, extract the seeds from a healthy breadfruit. You do not want to take seeds from the diseased or old. Use them directly because they do not store well.
In a small pot, wash any pulp and plant with a mixture of good quality seeds. Spray with a water bottle and make sure the soil does not dry out.
It is as easy as that. You should see germination at least in 14 days.
Keep the breadfruit tree in the pot for about a year, gradually increasing the size of the container.
Planting a root sucker
Breadfruits are better than root suckers, not trees. Often a root sucker will grow from an exposed root or through soil.
To get one, dig gently around the bite to uncover the root. Then, cut the shoot, making sure it is at least nine inches long and has at least a few leaves. The bark is going to go underground slowly.
Dip the lower end of the bite into a routing hormone solution.
Cut the plant in a mixture to grow good quality seeds and shake the soil for several inches. Water well, and do not allow the soil to dry.
When the breadfruit is about two feet tall, transplant it outside where you are planting them permanently.
Breadfruit trees are grown in such a way that it takes up to seven years for the fruits to arrive. So I plant trees bought from nursery, but enjoy making my own plant using seed and root suckers.
When transplanting purchased plants, dig a hole at the same depth as the existing soil in the container and widen it twice.
Gently remove the plant and lower it into the hole. Pack the soil around the rootball.
Place a hive of mulch around the plant, making it at least six inches between the mulch and the trunk of the tree.
Container is moving
You can grow breadfruit in containers, and they look good. The only thing is, you won’t get many fruits, if any, because you have to keep them ready to shape.
Use a good quality potting mix and choose a container that is twice the root ball. Make sure the container and potting mix drain well.
Drink water once a week until the water comes out from the bottom.
Keep the container in the sun and rotate frequently to expose all of the tree.
Within about four years you will need to prune to shape and control the shape.
Breadfruit tree care
Breadfruit, as with all plants, has some specific requirements if you want to keep it as healthy as possible.
Breadfruit is hungry in its first year. It pays to feed twice in the first year with complete fertilizer like NPK 10-10-10. Then, fertilize once a year in the spring.
Water well when you fertilize and later apply the mulch directly.
The best time for watering is in the morning. Spread it twice a week if you can. If you notice wiping the leaves, breadfruit requires more water.
Make sure you water the dripline to ensure that the roots are evenly wet.
Because breadfruit becomes so large, it is wise to prune it regularly to maintain a manageable size.
Prune to maintain the lower branches where you can easily reach the fruit. Do not push too hard though. You do not want to cut more than 1/3 of the tree at any one time.
Companion planting for breadfruit
The comfrey planted around the base of the breadfruit assisted the addition of nitrogen to the soil. Additionally, try with increasing breadfruit:
Common problems and solutions to growing problems
Breadfruits are relatively resistant to most diseases, but there are many pests that you need.
If you see a cotton-like residue on breadfruit leaves, you are likely to have milebugs.
They suck the plant with leaves and soft stems, weakening the plant and inviting other issues.
If there is a sticky residue, it is probably honeydew, the sweet emission of milebugs, and many other pests.
You can wipe insects with rubbing alcohol to kill them. Away from badly affected areas.
Scales are sap-sucking insects, which leave deposits of honeywood. They are vindictive feeders and can easily kill a young, tender plant.
Our guide can help you identify and get rid of this pest.
Aphids are sap-sucking insects that will submerge plants through sheer numbers. They also emit scales and milebugs such as honeydew.
Aphids are controlled through natural means, including predators including ladybugs and lacewings.
You can also introduce plants that aphids like fennel, mint, dill and yarrow.
If you want to get them under control, see our guide to this common pest.
The emission of these three insects is on the honeycomb. If you see your plant covered in a black, ash cover, then rotting of honey causes soot.
Spend and regenerate the land on a sticky honeydew and before you know it, your breadfruit tree looks like it has burned all over.
Breadfruit will not die from the mold of soot, but they will suffer from problematic pests. That is why the best solution for soot mold is to get rid of insect bread.
Some breadfruit forms a lighter shade of yellow when ready. You cannot judge others by color.
It is easy to tell by squeezing the fruit. If it is soft and smells fragrant, it is ready to be prepared. If it has fallen from the tree, it may be too late. It is easily baffled.
Twist the baked bread from your branch and then pull it out of the latex sap from the tip.
Use the plant as a potato substitute. You can also make candy breadfruit, roast it, mash it, or fry it. Make “French” fries, and add to curries, stews, and many other dishes.
Idea Source: morningchores.com