How to Care For the Monstera Plant
The monstera plant is as impressive as it looks. This large beauty is native to Central America and is often referred to as the “Swiss cheese plant” because of the bizarre holes in its foliage. Monstera is perfect for home growing because it is easy to maintain and incredibly showy.
Like all plants, there are always some best practices to use, such as proper watering and feeding. If you’re new to houseplants, monstera is a great choice, and we’ll help you out.
- 1 Best monstera varieties
- 2 how to plant monstera
- 3 How to care for your monstera plants
- 4 Common Problems for Growing Monstera
- 5 Best Companion Plants for Monstera
Best monstera varieties
Before you can care for your plant, you’ll need to choose what type of monstera species you want to grow. genus monstera It gets its name from the large size that it can reach in its native habitat. Some grow to 30 feet or more. But most live very young in the house.
Here is a list of popular species you can find in nurseries:
It is the most common type of monstera plant. The name “deliciosa” comes from the sweet fruit found in its natural habitat (which can be eaten by humans – but not pets). They prefer a warm, humid climate with moderate amounts of water and sunlight.
Once planted, it is important to rotate this plant to ensure that each leaf receives enough sunlight and develops evenly. It is also a good idea to repot these plants every 18-24 months.
Although it can be difficult to tell the difference between M. deliciosa And M. borsigniana, they differ in size and speed of growth. M. borsigniana grows much faster than M. deliciosa. However, both of these can be planted indoors and kept as houseplants.
They get quite long and may need a pole to support them. M. borsigniana Requires indirect sunlight and about 59 to 77°F for optimal growth.
The leaves of each variety of monstera plants have a different appearance, but M. Variegata is Quite special. from a distance, M. Variegata It may look like it has been painted white, making it an attractive addition to your home.
Unlike other types of monsters that are common, this is by far the hardest, which means it is more expensive. It prefers a warm, humid environment with gentle sunlight. It does not like low light conditions.
This form of monstera is the child of the group. it is smaller than M. deliciosa, but the holes are huge. They can cover almost half the leaf structure! This small plant requires a moist climate, moderate light, and less water than some other species.
Unlike the typical pores found in other monstera plants, monstera pinnatipartita Creates slits instead of pores. It needs a lot of water, but less in winter. M. Pinnatipartita Indirect sunlight and low humidity are also required.
If you’re looking for a sweet, delicate monstera to try growing, this one is guaranteed to bring some joy to the home. leaves of M. Dubia There are beautiful heart shapes with white and dark green marble effect.
As with most monstera plants, you need to find a pot with drainage holes in the bottom and perhaps a pole to support the growth. Check the top of the pot for dry soil regularly and water it when the top inch is dry. This is usually every 7-10 days, depending on where you live.
Also known as silver monster, this variety has gone through an amazing transformation similar to some other species. When it is young, the leaves are solid, but as they grow, they develop large fenestrations. Its leaves have an attractive silver color with dark green veins that look great in the home.
As monstera are commonly found growing on the trunks of trees, an M. siltepecana The plant needs something to climb. It also requires regular moisture, indirect sunlight and 55-99°F.
As mentioned earlier, this precious monstera plant is rare and not commonly found in nurseries. However, if you come across it, it can be a wonderful part of your plant family.
This variety has more holes than M. Adansoni; They cover up to 90% of the leaf! It is a delicate plant that requires special care, which means around 70-85°F and 85% humidity or higher.
This species is often mislabeled in stores. M. Obliqua is rare, and most likely it is actually a M. Adansoni With wrong name attached. Double check to be sure.
Not technically part of the monstera genus, this plant is often referred to as the “mini monstera”. It may be smaller than the rest, but it needs just as much care and attention. This small houseplant requires plenty of light, plenty of moisture, and high humidity.
how to plant monstera
Once you’ve chosen which monstera plant is right for you, next you need to think about planting.
First, you need to buy a pot with drainage holes at the bottom. Every variety of monstera will need this type of pot because they cannot handle wet roots. Choose the right size for the species you go for. Choose something that is a few inches larger than the pot it is currently growing in.
To fill the pot, you’ll need houseplant-specific potting soil. Finding the right soil for a monstera plant is key to increasing its lifespan.
Why does soil matter?
Well, you want to make sure your plant is properly planted. Other things that depend on the right soil are:
- gas exchange
- enough water
- temperature regulation
If the soil isn’t right, your plant will not be able to reach what it needs to thrive.
Look for soil that has water retention and drainage. These soils usually contain some mixture of peat, vermiculite, perlite, compost, rice husks, clay or sand.
You will need to replace the soil every year or two as it begins to compact and lose nutrients. If you don’t, you will see your monstera stop growing as before.
Once you have covered soil conditions, you may need to provide something for your monstera to climb on, such as a moss-covered stick or mesh.
After you’ve planted your new monstera, you’ll need to choose the perfect location for your new friend. To make sure your monsters are happy, it’s important to make sure you’re growing them with the right balance between light and shadow. If there is too much light the leaves will die, and with too much shade the leaves will not grow properly.
The best place is close to a window where it will receive lots of bright, indirect light.
How to care for your monstera plants
Once you make your Swiss cheese plant comfortable in its new home, you’ll need to work (not too hard) to keep it happy. The most important things to remember when it comes to monstera are, not too much sunlight or the leaves may die. Don’t overwater the soil, but make sure it is consistently moist.
The key to watering monstera correctly is to make sure the plant is always in moist soil. Use your finger to check if the soil is moist enough. If the top inch feels dry, add water.
If the plant doesn’t get enough water, foliage will begin to drop and it will become more susceptible to pests or diseases, so be diligent about watering.
Monstera is especially good as a houseplant because it thrives in the same temperatures humans prefer. The main thing is that the plant does not get too much cold air directly on it. That is, keeping it away from windows in winter or away from AC register in summer. Extremely cold temperatures will kill this plant.
Keep it away from heat, like a radiator or heat register.
In general, monstera plants don’t need a lot of fertilizer to grow happily. In fact, they only need fertilizer once per month during the spring and summer. During the dormant period in autumn and winter, the plant does not require any fertilizer.
Propagating these plants is simple. To start, cut a leaf off at the base. Place the leaf in a glass of water and place the glass in bright, indirect light. Change the water every week.
Once the plant begins to develop roots, which usually takes a few weeks, you can plant it in soil and it should grow into a more spacious plant.
Common Problems for Growing Monstera
Monstera is fairly hardy, but you can run into problems when growing them. There are bigger issues to keep an eye on here:
brown or yellow leaves
There are two possible reasons why your monstera leaves are turning brown:
inconsistent soil moisture When you don’t test your soil frequently and it becomes too dry, the leaves will turn brown. The best way to avoid this is to double-check that you have saturated the entire soil when watering and that you are watering often enough.
mushroom If the outline of the brown spots on the leaves of your plant is yellow, then there may be a fungus problem. This problem can occur when there is too much water and too little air circulation. Ideally, you can catch the fungus problem early and cut off the infected leaf. That way, your monstera can recover and recover over time.
If not, try a copper-based fungicide.
Most common houseplant pests will attack monstera, including aphids, fungus gnats, whiteflies, and scale.
Best Companion Plants for Monstera
Overall, monstera is a gorgeous houseplant that requires little maintenance and adds a lovely green touch to your home.
Like monstera, pothos plants grow in indirect sunlight and can be kept indoors. It can be a great companion for Monstera.
The Philodendron plant is an easy plant to care for in your home and looks great next to your monstera. It needs minimum sunlight to grow.
Like company-like plants, you should avoid combining certain plants.
It is not a good idea to combine jade and monstera due to different care requirements and light management.