If you are growing a medicinal herb garden, agriculture is an invaluable addition. This easy-to-grow plant has been used for centuries as a treatment as well as a dye. Personally, I consider it one of the most important herbs I grow.
Even if you don’t plan to use it for dye or medicine, it’s a sunny and bright addition to the garden that doesn’t ask for a lot from you to grow. Ready to dig?
- 1 What is agrimony?
- 2 Agricultural Varieties of
- 3 How to plant agrimony
- 4 Care of agrimony
- 5 Companion planting for growing agriculture
- 6 Common problems and solutions for growing agriculture
- 7 Harvesting and Uses of Agrimony
What is agrimony?
normal acuity (agrimonia eupatoria) is a perennial herb that is part of the rose family. It has a long history of medicinal uses around the world. Agrimony has been used by the Greeks, who treated everything from eye complaints and diarrhea to liver and kidney ailments. It was also used to make a yellow dye.
It was mixed with milk and used as a wound healer in the Middle Ages, and made into a tea that was used as a spring tonic.
When agriculture was introduced to North America, the local indigenous population used it to treat fever.
If you want to know about this wonderful medicinal herb—known as liverwort, church steeple, benevolent, and sticklewort—let’s dive into it. It will also become your most important herb.
By the way, do not confuse this plant with the cultivation of cannabis (eupatorium cannabinum), which is a plant of the daisy family.
Agricultural Varieties of
Although common acacia is what you’ll typically see—especially in the wild—there are some other native varieties in North America as well.
- A. Griposepala: This is a small plant used by Native Americans for a variety of health issues.
- A. Parviflora: Sometimes called swamp agriculture, this is a smaller version found in many wetlands in North America.
- A. Pubescence: This variety grows naturally in wetlands, but is also suitable for dry areas.
- A Strata: This is one of the larger varieties, growing to about 40 inches tall. It has a larger group of flowers than others.
How to plant agrimony
Agrimony grows best in USDA zones 6 through 9. It loves full sun and soil that drains well. Partial shade is fine, as long as the plant receives more sunlight than shade throughout the day.
Being a plant that isn’t too fussy, tartness will grow in most soils, but if you really want to maximize its growth, aim for a pH between 6.0 and 7.0. Work in some well-rotted compost into your soil to improve drainage and water retention before planting.
I have found Agrimony to be a reliable enough germinator that you can plant directly in the garden. Do this in the fall so the plants will emerge in the spring after the last winter frosts are over. Agrimony needs that cold spell to be able to germinate.
You can also sow seeds about eight weeks before your expected last frost. Because of the need for cold spells to germinate, the seeds need to be cold stratified as if they were outside in winter. Don’t worry though. This is an easy process to copy.
Fill a small container with moist seed-growing mix. Plant the seed 1/4 inch deep and press down gently. Cover with a plastic bag and keep in the fridge for about a month. Check regularly to make sure the soil is not drying out. Spray it gently if it needs moisture.
The next step is to remove it from the refrigerator and take it out of the bag. Place the container in a sunny spot and keep moist. You should see germination in 14 days or less.
Once the last expected frost date has passed, transplant outside into your garden. Plant it deep so that the leaves are level with the soil. Agrimony grows to about three feet wide and needs to be planted with room to spread. Water well for the first few weeks, making sure the soil doesn’t dry out.
Propagation from the roots
Although agrimony seeds are easy to germinate, you can also propagate by roots. Simply dig up an existing plant and cut off a section of the root to about 3 inches in length. Plant the mother plant immediately.
Place the root on the surface of the pot of seed growing mix and cover lightly. Spray with a spray bottle and cover with plastic. Make sure you don’t put it in full sun, or it will get too hot. Bright, indirect light is best.
Check regularly and make sure the soil doesn’t dry out. Within a few weeks, you should see sprouts. Each of these shoots should form its own roots and you can divide the plants.
Transplant once they have a few leaves and are at least four inches tall.
Growing in containers
Like most herbs, agrimony grows well in a container. Make sure you use a medium that holds moisture but drains well.
Keep the container in the sun and use an extended-release, container-specific fertilizer. Depending on the size of the container, agrimony usually does not grow as large in pots as it is in the garden.
Care of agrimony
Since arganese often grows in the wild, it is able to grow without much interference. There is no real need for fertilization unless it is struggling or growth is stunted.
Dig in a balanced, extended-release fertilizer and water well. If your acuminate is young, use a liquid fertilizer.
Water your young agricultural plants thoroughly until they are established. I usually start watering twice a week during the summer. Once they are well developed, simply water when the top two inches of soil are dry or the plant shows signs of needing it (such as leaf wilting or browning).
Companion planting for growing agriculture
Agrimony suits being planted with other perennials such as:
- carom flowers
Common problems and solutions for growing agriculture
Although generally free of infestation, agriculture is plagued by some common pests and diseases, especially if neighboring plants are also afflicted.
If your acorns look like it’s struggling despite water and fertilizer, it may have root rot. If a plant is suffering from root rot, it cannot take nutrients from the soil.
The leaves and shoots die back and soon the entire plant dies. Once it sets in, root rot is usually fatal.
The best treatment is prevention. Don’t overwater your garden and if the soil doesn’t drain well, try adding well-rotted organic matter to see if you can improve it.
Do not plant in low-lying or shady areas of your garden if water collects there.
I got powdery mildew on my acorns because I over-watered them and the foliage got watery.
It is highly contagious and is spread by spores, so it is hard to prevent, but there are good ways to treat it. Read our article on how to deal with this annoying fungus.
Aphids love everything, and their menu even has agrimony. They are sapsuckers and leave behind a substance called honeydew, which attracts sooty mold. When they attacked my ferocity, I noticed that although they did not attack in great numbers, the plant quickly seemed to weaken and wither.
Read our in-depth article on how to identify, prevent, and get rid of aphids.
Blossom or gal midge
These small insects cause a fair amount of damage to agriculture. They can prevent flowers from blooming and often cause lump-like bumps on the plant.
Midges are small, and you probably won’t see them, but you will see the damage they do. Their larvae feed inside unopened flowers and cause them to deform or not bloom at all.
Maggots of some midges feed on plant tissue, forming unsightly lumps.
It is difficult to control species of midges that feed on agriculture with insecticides because they occur deep within the plant. The most effective way to control them is to remove any flower buds that have become distorted and any part of the plant with nodular galls.
I use neem oil as a preventative on any plants that insects want to eat just to make them tasteless.
Harvesting and Uses of Agrimony
This is where the value of kindness really shines. Although it is lovely in the garden, it has so many healthy uses and can be used in teas, infusions, topical ointments and baths.
Harvest in mid-summer or just before the flowers bloom. You can harvest a few leaves at a time and dry them as needed. I like to cut the entire plant and hang it upside down to dry. Both flowers and leaves can be used.
Agrimony tincture and tea are often used to treat fevers, colds, skin conditions, stomach and intestinal issues, and sore throats. Studies show that agrimony has antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties.