How to Grow and Care for Amur Adonis

Botanical NameAdonis amurensis
Common NameAmur adonis
Plant TypeHerbaceous perennial
Mature Size1 foot tall (with a somewhat greater spread)
Sun ExposureFull sun to partial shade 
Soil TypeWell-drained
Soil pHSlightly acidic to slightly alkaline
Bloom TimeMarch or April in zone 5
Flower ColorYellow
Hardiness Zones3 to 7
Native AreaNortheastern Asia

How to Grow Amur Adonis

Amur adonis is easy to grow, but being a spring ephemeral, it does go dormant when summer comes. So your main challenge in growing it is a design challenge: You have to figure out how to plug the “holes” left in your garden after the Amur adonis plants make their annual exit. One solution is to buy annual flowers and plant them around the holes left behind. If you do not want to have to remember to take this step every year, simply grow other perennials around your Amur adonis plants that fill out and bloom later in the year. Make sure that such plants are compatible with Amur adonis in terms of sun and soil conditions.

Light

Although Amur adonis will tolerate partial shade, it grows best in full sun.

Soil

Grow Adonis in fertile, well-drained soil.

Water

Keep the soil for this perennial evenly moist.

Fertilizer

Feed the plant annually by working compost into its soil.

Landscape Uses

Ensure that, once the snowdrifts of the winter retreat, you have plants in your garden that will supply plenty of color to the spring landscape. Spring bulb plants such as snowdrops (Galanthus nivalis) naturally come to mind, but a few perennials, such as Amur adonis, are also useful in this regard. Another is the pasque flower (Pulsatilla vulgaris), which blooms a little later and offers lavender-colored flowers.

Amur adonis plants are well-suited to rock gardens.

Propagating Adonis

These clump-forming perennials can be divided for propagation when they go dormant in summer.

Types of Adonis

  • Adonis aestivalis and Adonis autumnalis: Most types of adonis are perennials; some, however, are annuals. Adonis aestivalis (sometimes given as Adonis annua) and Adonis autumnalis are annuals that bear red flowers with a black center. Their common name, “pheasant’s eye,” derives from the fact that their red flowers are reminiscent of the red eye patch that the male pheasant sports.
  • Adonis vernalis: Interestingly, Adonis vernalis and the other yellow-flowered members of this genus are also sometimes called “pheasant’s eye,” in spite of their flower color; perhaps they picked up the nickname by association with the red adonises. Some people are more precise when using this common name for Adonis vernalis and the other yellow-flowered adonises and specify “yellow pheasant eye.” Adonis vernalis, a native of Europe and Asia, is also sometimes called “false hellebore.”

If you had to pick a “real Adonis” from among this genus, it would have to be one of the annual types: Since they bear red flowers, they relate more closely to the myth of Adonis than do the yellow-flowered types. The anemone in the myth is, after all, red in color, symbolic of the blood of the slain youth.

But the red anemone and the red adonis are, in fact, similar in appearance. That is not surprising, since the Anemone and Adonis genera are related, botanically, both being in the Ranunculus family. From this similarity in appearance, it was not too big a leap to pay a fitting tribute to the myth and name the genus “Adonis.”

Origin of the Name

In Greek mythology, Adonis was a Greek youth loved by Aphrodite. But Adonis was gored by a boar and died. Through the power of the mourning goddess, a red flower sprang up from the youth’s blood on the spot. There are similar Greek myths regarding the daffodil (Narcissus) flower and the hyacinth flower (Hyacinthus orientalis), for example.

But there can be a twist in these stories for us moderns: The flower of the myth is not always the flower that we know by the same name. It is not in this case: What we call the “Adonis flower” is not the flower referenced in the Greek myth. That honor belongs to the red windflower (Anemone). The “Amur” part of the name derives from the name of a river in Northeastern Asia (to which the plant is native).

Newcomers to gardening may confuse the name of Adonis flowers with a type of butterfly bush (Buddleia davidii) called “Adonis Blue.” But the two are, in fact, totally unrelated.

Disclaimer: Curated and re-published here. We do not claim anything as we translated and re-published using google translator. All images and Tattoo Design ideas shared only for information purpose.

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