How to Grow Mango Trees in Your Home Orchard
Mango is a quintessential tropical fruit with a rich, creamy texture and taste that everyone loves. By growing mangoes, it is possible to bring tropical flavor into your home.
Most gardeners recognize that mango is another fruit that is impossible for them to bear, but this is far from the truth.
Sure, not everyone can grow mangoes. Alaska, for example, are out of luck. But if you live in the right climate, it is completely possible to grow mangoes. People with less-than-ideal weather can also succeed!
Best mango cultivars
There are dozens of mango cultivated, with fruits ranging from small and mild taste to large and pungent. Here are some of our favorites.
It is a popular variety in India. It has a rich-tasting orange orange wrapped in a yellowish-green skin. The fruits are large and ripening in June and July.
This variety is good because the seed easily separates from the meat. The fruit has pastel yellow and red skin. It ripens during June and July.
This plant has golden skin and soft, almost fiber-free flesh. Originally cultivated in Jamaica, it has become popular in the US, especially with those seeking a smaller variety.
‘Graham’ grows to just ten feet with regular pruning. Ripon from late June to early August.
‘Hayden’ was one of the first farmers born in Florida. Orange and crimson fruits ripen in June and July.
Unfortunately, it is not very disease resistant, and after fully ripening the fruit may soften around the seeds. But they are strong producers with delicious fruits.
‘Irwin’ is a great choice with a very fragrant fruit with a fragrant smell, all wrapped in a deep crimson or garnet skin. Fruits are ready to ripen in June or July
It is one of the most common farming in the world. It ripens in June or July with beautiful red and yellow fruits. It is also disease resistant, and fruits are well stored.
Planting mango trees at home
Mango trees are deep and evergreen, which last for years on your property. It takes three years for a mango tree to start production, and from there you will be immersed in delicious fruits.
Mango trees grow in the USDA zone 10–11, where the temperature is not less than 40 ° F.
In cold-growing areas, you can grow them in containers indoors during the cold season, but choose a dwarf variety so that you can easily shake your plant.
Find the ideal place
Choose a location on your property that receives full sunlight. Mango trees are best when they have a minimum of 8–12 hours of sunlight for fruit production.
If possible, find a place that has protection from cold temperatures and wind. Ideal near a building or near a tall fence.
Place standard trees about 25 feet from each other and buildings. Dwarf trees can be planted 10–15 feet apart.
Prepare soil for planting
These trees thrive in most soil types, but the best requirement is for the soil to be well drained. Mangoes also prefer a soil pH range between 5.5 and 7.5.
Before planting, test your soil. If it is deficient in any major nutrient, then amend the soil. If necessary, work in well-prepared manure, compost, or bread leaves to improve soil drainage.
For ideal growth, add compost and peat moss to your soil before planting trees. This will provide drainage and nutrients necessary for growth.
Mango growth from seeds
Most people grow mango trees from plants purchased in the local garden nursery, but you can easily grow these trees with seeds. The downside is that it will take about six years for the tree to bear fruit.
All you need is a fresh mango pit. Remove the hard husk and remove the seeds inside. Plant the seeds in a large pot, starting with the seeds. The seed should be about 1/4 inch above the soil surface for proper germination.
The soil should remain uniformly moist and warm; It needs to be in a place that is at least 70 ° F. Germination takes 8–14 days on average but up to three weeks is normal, so be patient.
Transplanting of mango plants
The best time to plant a mango is in early winter to early spring when it does not grow actively. It should be in its dormant state.
Put a tree stake in the ground before planting. The stake should be two feet deep; Young trees need support.
Begin by digging a hole at your chosen location that is twice as wide and deeper than the root ball. Gently loosen the roots and place the tree in the hole, filling it around the roots with soil. The graft mark should be on the soil surface.
Then, water the soil deeply to help establish roots. Attach the tree to the tree and place it at stake. Then, apply a high-phosphorus liquid starter fertilizer.
Growing mangoes in containers
Some gardeners successfully grow mangoes in containers outside their courtyards or porches. If the weather becomes very cold, then you can also bring dwarf varieties indoors.
It is difficult, if not impossible, to grow a ripe mango tree and produce fruit within the year round. Indoor gardening does not provide enough light for the tree to grow and flourish.
A greenhouse or sunroom works better.
If you want to try growing mangoes in containers, a dwarf variety is best. Watch for 15-gallon (or larger) containers and make sure that there are plenty of drainage holes at the bottom of it.
If grown inside, mango trees are mistaken for creating the necessary moisture. The container causes the soil to dry faster, so check it more frequently in the middle of the water.
Mango tree care
Mango trees require basic care like other fruit trees. Here’s how to take care of these fruit trees.
Watering mango trees
Mango trees have long tapotes, so you need to pour deep water to make sure they reach the roots. These trees do not like dirty soil or standing water. So, allow the top of the soil to dry down several inches before re-watering.
Stop giving water two months before flowering and start watering as soon as you start producing fruit.
Fertilize when needed
Mango trees need to be fertilized three times per year with nitrogen fertilizer. Plan for applying one pound of fertilizer per year for optimal growth, dividing the pound into three different feedings.
Mango trees do not need to be pruned until they are four years old. At that point, you need to remove the weak stems and make a scaffold of branches. After that, your goal is to prick any broken or diseased parts of the tree.
Protect your trees in winter
Mango trees do not grow in cold climates, so if you live somewhere with temperatures that go below 40 ° F, trees need winter protection. Here are some ideas.
- Use darker containers; Black and dark colors absorb more sunlight and retain heat.
- Cover the pot with bubble wrap to act as insulation as the temperature drops.
- Take your pot indoors or a greenhouse (preferred).
- Use plant blankets on trees or make a frame by laying a clean, plastic sheet around the tree. The electric light inside the frame produces additional heat.
Common pests and diseases caused by mango trees
Another important part of growing mango is learning how to see pests and diseases. Here are some of the most common problems.
White mango scale
These insects suck the sap from leaves, branches and fruits, which leads to bowel movements and bad flowers. They can also cause pink spots on the fruit.
An infection can slow the growth of your mango trees, and a serious fruit may fall prematurely. The best thing is to remove infected parts of the tree and burn them.
You can also use a pesticide soap designed for scales.
Mango Tree Borer
First, you can find circular holes in the bark of the mango tree; It is a clear indicator of the mango tree borer. The borers feed on the bark of the twigs, possibly killing the branches and collapsing the main trunk of the tree.
One method to control mango tree borers is to apply insecticide to the trunk and branches to prevent adult borers from laying eggs. The pesticide applied on the twigs prevents the adults from getting twigs and shoots.
The trunk of the mango tree is cut and sucked from all parts of the mango tree, including sprouts and tender, new leaves. This causes fruits to fall from the tree, and severely infected plants wilt and cease to bear fruit.
One of the biggest concerns with milebugs is that they secrete honeydew, which attracts soot mold. To prevent an infection, collect leaves, twigs, and other debris around the plants, and flood the area around your tree in falling water to kill eggs in the soil.
If the infection is severe, then pesticides are an appropriate method of control.
Algal Leaf Spot
If you see orange, rusty spots on all your leaves, you may have a different leaf spot. If you scrape the orange, the brown discoloration will be down. Algal leaf spot is caused by algae, and when it is ugly, it is considered harmless and annoying.
It is best to actively prevent algal leaf spots by pruning your trees and fertilization to keep them healthy. Keep all weeds and debris away from the base of your trees, and spray badly infected trees with copper fungi.
Mango trees are sensitive to anthracnose, a fungal disease that can replenish your plants. First, the disease presents itself with small, dark lesions that gradually begin to grow in size.
A serious infection causes your plants to stop bearing fruit. Taking proactive measures and planting a resistant plant and fixing your trees in sufficient quantity for adequate air circulation.
If your trees become infected with anthracnose, copper-based fungicides are effective, but if you plan to harvest the fruits within the following two weeks, you cannot use them.
This fungal disease develops a gray-white powder on the leaves, flowers and fruits of the mango tree. It also produces sprouted or deformed sprouts and fruits fall off the tree immaturely.
If you apply it to the first symptoms of the disease, mildew powder is an effective remedy to control mildew.
The mango grows three to five months after the tree flowers, so it is expected that the fruits will appear in winter. It depends on diversity; Each one is different.
A ripe mango tree produces between 100-200 fruits (or more) per year, depending on the cultivation grown.
The best way to find out if your fruit is ripe is to take a big sniff. If the fruit has a sweet scent, it is ripe and ready to choose. If you accidentally cut a crippled fruit, do not panic. Keep fruits in a paper bag to help ripen for several days.