How to Grow Sesame Plant in Your Garden and Harvest the Seeds
One of the plants on my bucket list was always mole. I hated buying expensive seeds in the store, hence my growing appeal to myself. Even growing a small number of plants made all the difference.
Sesame plants are easy to grow, and are also easy to harvest. As long as you live in the right environment, sesame plants will be successful.
Sesame is a plant that loves to dry it, so it also suits busy gardeners who forget to water now and then, or in dry areas.
What are Sesame Seed Plants?
Sesame seed plant (Sesamum signal) Are annuals, which you usually find growing in tropical regions. It is a oilseed crop and is considered one of the oldest crops in human history.
The plant is traditionally grown in Sub-Saharan Africa and India. You should get an idea of the type of environment required for the mole to grow.
I heard that if you can grow cotton, you can grow sesame. Both plants are under similar conditions.
Sesame plants growing from three to five feet are covered with white, blue or purple flowers. They are fully grown with other drought-tolerant plants such as lavender, rosemary and thyme.
They look great in the garden, resembling some foxes when they bloom.
How to plant sesame seeds
Sesame plants grow in the USDA Growing Zone 10 and above. They love the full sun and, once established, high temperatures. What they cannot stand are cold temples.
Anything below 68 ° F can stop growth. Below 50 ° F and the plant will die.
If you live in 8 or 9 zones, you can grow sesame seeds, so until you start planting in the garden indoors a month or two before planting. Plants require about 100 days to reach maturity.
Aim for a neutral pH. I have found that anywhere between 5 and 8 is appropriate. You will need sandy, loam soils with minimal salinity.
Give each plant a distance of about three feet between the next. If you are low in space, two feet will be enough.
It is best to plant sesame in seed growing pots instead of directly in the garden. This will increase your germination rate.
You can plant sesame plants that you buy from the store, but they should be fresh, not fried or roasted, and should not be treated in any way.
For this reason, I source seeds from a horticulture center and have never had problems with germination.
Sow about six weeks before the traditional last frost. Sprinkle on top of your medium and cover lightly. Keep moist until you see small green seedlings piercing the soil.
Mole loves moisture until germination, so use a spray bottle to keep everything moist. Once germination, water once a week.
Sesame seeds require a fairly specific range of temperatures. The best germination rates come from 68ºF to 75 .F. This should give you germination in about 14 days.
Once your plants are large enough to easily handle, transplant them into the garden, ensuring complete sunlight and soil. The soil that holds the soil will kill your sesame plant.
Plant saplings three feet apart in rows of every two or three feet. To make harvesting worthwhile you will need a good number.
There are about 80 to 100 seeds per plant and multiple pods per plant. I plant 12 to 15 plants for minor crops.
Sesame plant care
Be sure to dig in well-prepared manure before planting sesame plants. This plant should provide sufficient nutrients for the season.
Sesame plants have deep roots and pull nutrients from deep within the ground.
If you find that you need to use fertilizer, apply only until the green buds of the flowers appear. By this time, the plant will have enough nutrients to produce seeds.
Sesame plants need to be watered until germination. Subsequently, they are drought-friendly and require minimal watering.
For this reason, do not plant near other plants that require regular watering.
Sesame is known to grow well in drought-type conditions, and overgrowth will cause problems for the health of the plant.
If the soil holds water, the mole is likely to bend its toes and die. Do not add overhead water, as this is likely to cause too much moisture on the leaves.
You do not necessarily love sesame plants, but they are indeterminate plants, so they are often clean.
As long as the sesame plant does not become very large or long and weak, I have no problem.
Planting Partner for Growing Sesame
Sesame plant with any drought resistant plant or a plant that does not require continuous watering.
Try applying sesame seeds with:
- Sweet potato
- sweet corn
Common problems and solutions for growing mole
Sesame seed plants are resistant to most pests and diseases, but there are problems. Modern tenants have been developed keeping commercial production in mind and with as few problems as possible.
Depending on your variety, other problems in your garden and the weather, you may face some of the following common issues.
Bacterial leaf spot
It appears in different ways with black or brown spots, black leaf edges, or light black spots. It often appears when there is too much moisture in the air.
Quiet conditions (especially when it is wet) are often the culprit, as is overhead watering.
You can use copper spray, but it is effective only in the initial stage of the disease.
Remove all debris from the garden, rotate crops, and allow plenty of air to flow. Remove infected foliage as soon as the disease appears.
The foliage turns yellow and stops developing due to this disease.
Here is our guide to identifying, treating and avoiding Fusarium wilt.
Sesame root rot
Although rare in modern mole compared to other listed diseases, sesame root rot can make an appearance. This is especially true in sandy, loam soils.
In the bud stage, the stems turn black and rot, leading to death. On older plants, the stems and leaves begin to turn black and the entire plant turns yellow, turns black and tarnishes.
Remove any affected plants and destroy them by burning or throwing away. Do not add compost.
There are seed and soil remedies available that you can use if you suspect that this will be an issue. Talk to your local horticulturist for guidance as there are many rules around what you can use in most places.
These small pests can become prolific and cause a lot of damage to most garden plants, and sesame plants are no different.
Here is our guide to identifying and dealing with white leucorrhoea.
We have all seen that a large number of locust squads cause damage. In small numbers in a home garden, they are still an insect capable of killing your plants.
I prefer a natural approach, so I plant things that grasshoppers find disgusting. If you have a problem of weeding, try planting sesame plants:
Other pests such as cabbage looper, caterpillar, or cutworm are sometimes attracted to mole.
They cause little damage under normal conditions and can be controlled by some diatomaceous earth as well as regular sprays of neem oil and pesticide soap, if you feel it is necessary.
Harvesting and using sesame seeds
The first thing to remember is that because sesame seeds are filled with oil, they need to be dried properly for storage, or they will become rancid.
The easiest thing to do is make sure that you dry them on the plant before harvest.
The flowers of sesame plants begin to mature downwards, and these flowers first turn into seeds. As the seeds dry on the plant, the pods will begin to erupt.
This is the time to carefully remove the pod from the plant and lay it evenly in a newspaper or in a warm, dry place.
Yes, the seeds are small, but once you open the pod, you will see how many pods there are.
For a short time, the leaves of any plant attached to the pod will grow darker, and the pod will dry out and become more supple. At this time, you can get a clean bucket or container and tap the pods against the sides that let the seeds come out.
Keep an eye on the remaining blossoms as they mature into seeds on the rest of the plant. Remember, the top will mature past.
You can also cut the entire stem once most pods are ripening and hanging it upside down to dry. Secure a paper bag around the plant to hold the seeds.
Some people like to roast seeds in a pan to promote long-term storage. I only take dry naturally and have no problem. But, I use them a lot, so there is no need to wait long to use them.
I sprinkle seeds at home on bread, chicken dishes and salads. As a topping on bagels? Check. Grind them in tahini? Absolutely!
The seed is an important ingredient in Japanese, Korean, Chinese, Indian, Middle Eastern and Thia cuisines.
If I want to incorporate that lovely salty taste into any dish, sesame seeds are my choice.
I recommend growing sesame plants, even if it is to say that you have grown your own seeds.
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