How to Make Homemade Soap

If you are a handyman who likes to make or make your own cosmetics, such as hair masks or body scrubs, you might be tempted to try making soap for your hands, bath or decoration, especially if your favorite bars are currently sold out or hard to find. The soap you make will not kill germs, but it will certainly kill them and any other bar soap you might buy. And even if it sounds simple enough, according to experts from Good Housekeeping Institute’s health, beauty, and environmental science lab, making soap from scratch is a serious business that requires more than just a few tools. cooking and basic skills.

Making soap at home requires two types of ingredients – an acid and a base. These react chemically together in what is called “saponification” and produce a soap with glycerin as a by-product. No commercial or homemade soap can be made without these two ingredients.

How to Make Homemade Soap
How to Make Homemade Soap

Should you use detergent to make soap at home?

Many DIY soap recipes require the use of detergent (the common name for sodium hydroxide) as a base. But laundry can be dangerous to work at home. “Detergent is caustic not only when it touches the skin, but the fumes it generates when mixed with water are caustic for the eyes and mucous membranes. So you will have to work in a very well ventilated place, “explains Charmaine Rodriques, a former chemist at the GH Beauty Lab, mother of a 7-year-old son and founder of The Sud Bar, soap and a body. care products company.

Rodriques, who has been making and perfecting his homemade soap for 15 years, says that proper ventilation is the most important thing to have before embarking on soap making from scratch. Personal protective equipment, such as goggles, a mask, and heat resistant gloves are also “essential” according to Rodriques. For added security, Rodriques keeps its raw materials in a locked cabinet in its basement, which also serves as a soap-making laboratory.

How to make soap without Laundry:

We have developed a simpler and safer method for making your own hand or bath soap at home without Laundry. For security reasons, our experts from the Institute recommend following the “melt and pour” soap-making recipes of reputable retailers. These recipes are easy and fun to make at home – even with children – and you won’t have to face the potential dangers of working with laundry or learning the chemistry of the saponification process.

Here’s how to make a perfect soap for melting and pouring at home:

1. Choose a recipe and a flavor

If you’re a beginner, the easiest way to get started is to buy a soap base – a premixed combination of soap, glycerin, and a few supplements like butter and herbal extracts for skin benefits, as well as additives for transparency or fillers for the manufacture of opaque bars. We recommend that you buy from a reputable website, such as Brambleberry Handcraft Provisions, which offers a variety of supplies and offers several recipes for making different types of soaps.

Brambleberry’s Beginner’s Guide to the Melting and Pouring Process guides you through the steps one by one and provides complete recipes for beginner, intermediate, and advanced soap making. If it’s still a little too ambitious for you, start with the simple translucent base of Brambleberry. Just melt it, mix your favorite perfume oil, and mold it.

And when you buy a perfume oil online, make sure it is a cosmetic grade (or use one of your favorite scents if it can be easily poured out of its container). We love the essential oils certified Made Safe by Radiance.

2. Gather your tools

All you really need is a heat resistant container to melt the base and a stainless steel wire whisk to incorporate your scent. All old pots or pans ready to be removed are the perfect containers for making soap. A blender is only necessary if you add extras, such as dyes, exfoliating powders, and glitter. Depending on the size of the soap you prepare, even a 1 or 2 quart Pyrex measuring cup works well. It goes in the microwave and resists heat. Remember not to use it again for food preparation to avoid cross-contamination.

The only other tools you need are silicone molds. A star-shaped one works well for making soaps the size of a guest. Think of a heart-shaped one for the bridal shower party gifts or Valentine’s Day gifts. Present your molds before you start melting, so they’re ready when you need them.

How to Make Homemade Soap
How to Make Homemade Soap

3. Melt the base

Most ready-to-use melt and pour recipes can be made in the microwave or on a stove in a double boiler over low heat. Both techniques work well, but doing it on the stove can give you more control and allows you to see better when the base starts to melt. It also prevents hot spots or overheating that can occur during melting in the microwave. If you don’t have a double boiler, make one by placing a small sauce pan or a Pyrex glass measuring cup in a larger pot filled with water.

Here’s how: If using a double boiler, place the soap base in the container, place it on the stove over medium-low heat until the water boils gently and the soap base begins to melt. If using a microwave, place the base in a microwave-safe container and heat it on high for one minute. Check if the base is completely melted. Otherwise, continue to heat it in small bursts for about 20 to 30 seconds until it is completely melted. Microwave ovens vary so you will need to watch it carefully.

Pro tip: Avoid stirring the base while it is melting, as this can trap air bubbles. Instead, let the pieces melt on their own and gently move the solid pieces into the container if you need help.

Have pot holders or heat resistant gloves or mitts handy when handling these hot tools.

How to Make Homemade Soap
How to Make Homemade Soap

4. Mix the scent

If you don’t follow an exact recipe, it may take a bit of trial and error to determine how much flavor to add to your soap. A general rule is to add about 1 teaspoon of perfume per pound of soap.

The key to success in this step is to get the base at a temperature high enough to melt and easy to mix. But low enough so that the volatile compounds and the fragrant notes of the perfume do not evaporate. The base will cool down when off the heat and can begin to solidify in minutes. If this happens, put the container back in the microwave or on the stove over very low heat for a few seconds and stir it gently to melt it again.

Here’s how: Once the base is melted, remove your pan or container from the stove or microwave and place it on a heat-resistant surface or trivet. With a whisk, quickly – but gently – mix the fragrance. Make sure to distribute it evenly across the base, but try not to mix any air bubbles while you whip the scent.

How to Make Homemade Soap

5. Fill the mold

Carefully – but quickly – pour the mixture of base and melted perfume into your mold. Fill the molds as close to the top as possible. The soap does not rise or expand during cooling.

How to Make Homemade Soap

6. Cool and unmold

Let your mold filled with soap cool to room temperature on a flat surface.  Avoid touching or disturbing it until it is completely solidified. Depending on the size and shape of your mold and the temperature of your room. The soap will take at least an hour to cure. Large molds can take up to 24 hours for the soap to solidify completely. When it’s hard, just take it out of the mold and enjoy!

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