How to Plant, Care For and Use This Versatile Herb

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Now and then, I try a new plant because I hear other gardeners about it. I have heard of a delicious herb called they asafoetida which enhances your cooking taste and can cure many types of diseases.

Then, I too heard about the smell of many gardeners, but nothing is right. I got interested.

Both known as “Devils Dung” and “Food of the Gods”, asafoetida is a plant that your friends will get to talk to. I hope you are ready to be adventurous because this plant is worth a try.

What is Asafoetida?

Asafoetida, also known as asafoetida, is native to Central Asia and has been used for hundreds of years in cooking and medicine. These days, it is cultivated in Afghanistan, Iran and most recently, India. It is an important part of Indian cuisine.

Asafoetida is a larger herb than some others. It can grow up to 10 feet. The synagogue looks like a little parsley, only a giant one. This is not surprising since both parsley and parsley are part of the Umbellifera family.

It is known as a monocarpic plant, which means that it dies after flowering. The good news is that flowers take many years to arrive, and it will self-seed under the right conditions.

You can get a lot of use from a plant because it is so large and long-lasting. Asafoetida is not only used as a culinary herb; It is also a laxative, a respiratory aid, and can also be a major component of Worcestershire sauce (the original recipe is a closely guarded secret).

It is also said to aid in irritable bowel syndrome and back in the 1800s, it was prescribed for anxiety.

Although it smells like rotten fish when crushed, the smell disappears when the asafoetida cooks, so don’t worry too much about it.

How to apply Asafoetida

Asafoetida grows 3–8 annuals in the USDA growing zone and 9–11 as a perennial. It grows naturally in warmer parts of the world and is not cold tolerant.

Aim for a soil pH of 6.5 to 7.5. Most soil types except soil, as long as it is well drained. Because the plant develops over a long period of time, the soil cannot be hard and compact. Asafoetida does not like wet feet and prefers moist to dry a little. I think sandy soil is the best.

Plant in full sun. It is not a shade loving plant and it will really struggle to get out of the sun.

Planting seed

Asafoetida seeds can be difficult to find as it is not the most well-known plant. You can find viable seeds from online retailers or specialist in herbs and spices used in Asian or Middle Eastern cooking.

Sow seeds directly in the garden in early spring. Aasafetida does not transplant all well. It is susceptible to shock transplants, as there are many plants that grow tapots for a long time.

Do not attempt to divide the plant with other herbs. I tried this and killed both divisions. Again, this plant has a single, long taprot, so it does not divide well.

Plant the seeds on the surface and cover them lightly with sandy soil before forcefully sliding down. Planting the tap room about two feet apart to give plenty of space. Keep the soil slightly moist until germination. Once the plant pushes through the surface, the first inch of soil dries when watering.

Asafoetida care

This plant is quite self-sufficient and I think it does not need maintenance until it starts struggling due to nutritional deficiencies or too much (or too little) water.


As long as the soil has nutrients for it, asafoetida takes care of itself. As with most plants, dig in rotten manure or compost well before sowing the seeds, and you should only water them for the rest of the year.

At the beginning of the next season, tap water deepened with liquid fertilizer to allow the taproot to pull in nutrients for new growth.

If you find the plant struggling with slow, bloated growth or yellow leaves, try some tomato plant liquid fertilizer and Epsom salts.


I learned from my mistakes the first time I tried to grow asafoetida. I watered the plants similar to my other herbs and vegetables, but this was too much.

Add water well, but do not add water until the soil is at least several inches below the surface. I know this is the opposite of how we think of watering some herbs, but consider the natural environment of asafoetida. It does not rain a lot.


Keep an eye on whether you think stacking is required. I had four asafoetida in a row. Three were strong, while the fourth was required to steak as it kept tilting at close range.

If you live in a windy area, consider staking as the roots of the plant give the deep tap root time to grow.

When you plant seeds, you can also keep a tomato cage so that the plant can grow.

Planting partner for asafoetida

Some people find the smell of asafetida offensive, but I did not consider it honest. I knew what I had planted around it, but after much trial and error found that perennial herbs do not require large amounts of water and do not carry the smell of asafoetida.

Just be careful that when you cut the leaves of other herbs, you will brush against the asafoetida and if you crush it, the smell will show.


  • Lavang – grows several feet tall to match asafoetida
  • Parsley – does not require much water and is one of my favorite hard-to-kill herbs
  • Lemon verb – It is considered a tropical herb so grows well with asafoetida
  • Sweet Marjoram – loves sandy soil and detects cold like asafoetida
  • Fennel – grows up to four feet so sits in front of asafoetida and if you let the seed go, it will grow every year without disturbing its roots.
  • Lavender – hates wet feet so suits grow near asafoetida

As you can see, there is a lot to apply with asafoetida, especially if it is well spread. Plant small plants in front of long asafetida.

Just keep in mind that it will cross-pollinate with other Umbellifers, so if you plant it it will be dill or fennel, whatever seeds you get will not be real asafoetida.

Common problems and solutions of growing asafoetida

It is a very hardy plant, although it is a cousin of carrots and can withstand some similar problems of carrots.


When you turn a grass field into a vegetable or herb garden, these pests are more common, as I did for my asafoetida. They feed on roots, stems and small ropes at the beginning of the season.

Use neem oil earthen trench, especially when you first turn the land into a garden.


Snail crawling in a leaf

As the asafoetida grows, they become more and more unpredictable to slugs and snails. When they germinate young, they are likely to be eaten. Use slug pellets when you plant seeds and when the sprouts come out.

Flea beetle

Worse in spring and summer, when adults eat the leaves, and the larvae eat the roots, the flea beetles can damage an asafoetida plant to the point of killing it.

Our guide will help you get rid of these annoying pests.

Fusarium wilt

This is a common problem for many gardeners, especially in North America. Read our detailed post on Fusarium wilt here.

Asafoetida use and harvesting

a word of warning. If you are pregnant or trying to become pregnant, stay away from asafoetida. As with all herbs, talk to your health professional before eating or using it in a recipe.

Do not let the smell of unreserved asafoetida give you. When cooked, it will be neutralized.

Harvest and cook the young leaves and shoots and then boil them. After a few minutes of boiling, the smell disappears and the plant is much tastier. Then, fry the leaves and roots in a little salt and butter.

The most common way of using asafoetida is by cutting the roots, drying them and grinding them into powder to use as a spice. Despite the fresh smell, the taste of this dried powder is mild, such as garlic or leeks. If you like vegetarian dishes, asafoetida gives a delicious, comforting taste.

Use asafetida, cheese, egg, or fish dishes to give a lift where sliced ​​onions or leeks will be too heavy. If you like to cook Indian dishes then this is an essential ingredient.

Resin or glue is also usable, but requires a lot of processing, so it is not possible for the average domestic gardener.

This is a plant that I found very useful in my garden of existence because it keeps growing after the season and some insects will touch it due to the smell. It is useful for many things, almost too many to mention.

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