Fuchsias are my favorite flower to grow. I love growing them in containers on my deck because hanging flowers of all colors look delicate, showy, and classy. In a group or on a large shrub, a sea of flowers makes any area of the garden attractive and calm.
One thing I originally didn’t like about these plants was the black mess of berries at the end of the flowering season. To my embarrassment, I had no idea I could eat those berries forever! Turns out, many people don’t realize that fuchsia berries, leaves, and flowers are edible.
If you’re looking for delicious berries and beautiful flowers, let’s get started with growing fuchsias. It’s worth it, I promise.
- 1 What are fuchsias?
- 2 varieties of fuchsia
- 3 how to plant fuchsia
- 4 fuchsia care
- 5 Companion Planting for Growing Fuchsia
- 6 Common problems and solutions for growing fuchsia
- 7 Harvesting and Uses of Fuchsia Berries and Flowers
What are fuchsias?
While most people grow it as an annual, this tender perennial turns into colorful flowers in late spring and can continue to bloom year after year until the beginning of winter. There are over 100 different species of this diverse plant and over 3,000 hybrids and cultivars.
Fuchsias are native to South and Central America, Tahiti, New Zealand, and Haiti. The modern beauties enjoyed by gardeners around the world have their origins in these places.
All varieties of fuchsia produce edible berries that are rich in antioxidants and vitamin C. But be careful, not all of them taste good. Some may be bitter, while some may be sweet like cherries or raspberries.
He is alright; Everything you can buy in stores is amazingly beautiful, with tons of frilly blossoms. Berries are a wonderful bonus.
Most of the plants you buy from commercial vendors are hybrids. They are designed for color and multiple blooms, not flavorful berries. But there are some that were bred to be as tasty as they are beautiful, and many native species are tasty rather than showy.
Fuchsias come in two growth habits: trailing and upright. Perfect for hanging trailing baskets or areas where you want to hang or trail them. The upright, bushy types are great for in-ground containers and gardens.
varieties of fuchsia
There are a lot of species, varieties and hybrids; There is something for everyone looking to start growing fuchsias. Check with local vendors to see which varieties are best in your area and what gardeners nearby choose to eat or flower.
Below are the best fuchsia species to eat and the varieties that produce the most fruit.
- fuchsia coccinia – This is one of the best flavors ever. The seeds are tiny, and while I left the berries on the plant until they were as dark as possible, there was no strange taste like some of the others I sampled.
- declaration of fuchsia It is also a tasty, creeping variety that is native to the coastal areas. The berries are larger than most other fuchsias and look like grapes. The flower is unusual and quite small.
- fuchsia splendins – Found in Central America, this is another one with a wonderfully flavored berry. It has a peppery, sweet taste with some acidity.
- fuchsia alpestris It is mainly found in Brazil and although it tastes sweet in the beginning, some people find that its taste is unpleasant.
- fuchsia absorptivity – This variety grows naturally in Mexico and gives round fruits. It has quite a sweet taste with an aftertaste which is quite pleasant.
- fuchsia paniculata – Native to Panama from Mexico, this variety often has so many berries that it reminds me of a bunch of grapes. The fruits are round and dark purple in colour. It is sweet and makes a wonderful jam.
- fuchsia boliviana – This is a popular variety in South America and you can find berries for sale in local markets there.
- fuchsia microphylla While the berries are not the best-tasting and quite small, they make perfect cooking additions to sweet desserts. These are native to Central America.
- fuchsia magellanica Known as a hardy fuchsia, this is a variety that prefers full to partial sun. It will grow in USDA Growing Zones 6 to 9. There are many hybrids and varieties, and they all differ in taste and flower size.
If you’re looking for large, showy flowers instead of berries, here are some plants to check out:
- ‘Dollar Princess’ is a Magellanica with large, bold, pretty flowers in shades of purple and pink.
- ‘Seventh Heaven’ has huge, double white and pink flowers.
- ‘Rapunzel’ is extremely tall and trailing, with purple and white flowers.
- ‘Shrimp Cocktail’ is a hardy type with medium pink flowers.
- ‘DeBron’s Black Cherry’ has purple petals so deep that they almost look black, with bright pink petals.
- ‘Checkerboard’ has beautiful pink and white flowers with a red crown.
how to plant fuchsia
Depending on the variety, fuchsias grow as perennials in zones 6 through 11, although only hardy varieties can handle zones 6 through 11. In colder regions, many gardeners choose to grow them as annuals because they can’t resist this wonderful plant.
You can also grow them in containers outside in the warmer months and move them inside when they get cold. You can also keep fuchsia indoors as a year-round houseplant.
Aim for a soil pH of 6.0-7.0 and make sure the soil drains well. Fuchsias adapt to varying amounts of water as long as their feet are not sitting in a pool of water. Most prefer consistently moist — but not wet — soil.
Fuchsias generally require partial shade without hot afternoon sun. However, check your hybrid, as some prefer full sun. While they can grow in full shade, they usually will not bloom, or will reduce blooming if they do not receive direct sunlight for a few hours.
Seeds are best started indoors. They are reliable germinators, but I still do a few things to ensure the best results.
I use a seed grow mix, a mix of peat moss and vermiculite. Using the bottom watering method, place the pot in a container of water and wait until the top of the soil in the container is moist, then remove from the water bath.
Sprinkle some seeds over the container and cover with a thin layer of medium.
Cover the container with a plastic bag to make it a little hothouse. Water to keep the soil moist, and within 21 days, you should see germination. The correct germination temperature is 75ºF.
Once the plants hit the surface, remove the plastic bag for two to three hours a day, until the plants are about three inches tall.
At this point, transplant them into their larger containers or their pots ready for garden planting in the spring.
It’s a super-simple process to grow fuchsias and there are a few ways to grow roots on cuttings.
Cut off the four-inch-long (or longer) tip of the plant with at least three leaf nodes. Remove the lower leaves and dip the lower ones in rooting hormone before planting them two inches deep in a container filled with seed-growing mix. If nothing is successful, plant several cuttings.
Keep the cuttings moist, and within four weeks your plant should have grown roots.
Another way to do this is to remove the growing end as above and to stand the cutting in a glass of water, rather than placing it in a seed growing mix. Change the water every couple of days and you will see the roots continue to grow. It’s a great method to use when kids are helping because they can see the roots grow over time.
Once roots form, repot into separate containers and grow to the point where you can transplant them to their permanent location. Keep in mind that plants started this way have weak roots and will take longer to become established.
If the fuchsia is in the ground, feed a well-balanced fertilizer in early spring. You want to make sure the plant is strong enough to have all those flowers and berries. Also consider fertilizing every three weeks, but reduce it as soon as you drop. Fish emulsion is always a favorite of fuchsias.
For a container-grown fuchsia, use a sustained-release fertilizer so the plant can get food throughout the season. Make sure the fertilizer contains phosphorus as this will promote flowering.
Water enough to keep the soil around the plant moist, but not soaking. Monitor soil moisture in both spring and summer. These plants like to be constantly moist but do not like wet feet. Keep in mind that hanging plants dry out quickly, so keep an eye on them.
Prune lightly after flowering and berry production. Fuchsias thrive on new wood, so remove old wood when you do hard winter work.
You can clean up anytime. I’ve done this in the middle of summer when a plant got particularly messy.
Pinch off some new growth tips to promote shrubbery plants and deadhead regularly throughout the season if you want to encourage flowers instead of berries.
Companion Planting for Growing Fuchsia
Given that I grow fuchsias for the display of berries and flowers, I prefer to grow them in my garden or alongside other edible plants. try:
- perennial spinach
- carom flowers
Common problems and solutions for growing fuchsia
Fuchsias are susceptible to many pests and diseases, especially fungal diseases.
Yes, aphids love to eat fuchsia. No surprise, is it? Aphids love almost every plant. Our guide can help you deal with the situation.
The first symptom of this disease is light-colored mold, especially at the base of the flowers or berries. If you leave it, the buds will eventually rot and drop.
The best defense is preventing it from starting in the first place. Remove all garden debris from around the fuchsia plant. Sterilize your gardening tools after pruning. Keep your plant as healthy as possible to avoid catching it.
Cut and burn any infected parts of the plant to avoid spreading.
This disease can become a problem for fuchsias if your soil lacks drainage. The roots become pulpy or rot below the surface and this is usually fatal to the plant.
Avoid over-watering, over-overcrowding, and planting in poorly drained soil. Make sure your container is able to drain the water efficiently.
Thrips puncture and feed on the inside of plants. They cause deformities and leave their waste all over the plant which often looks like small black spots.
Thrips also catch other diseases in fuchsia, so controlling thrips can save a lot of heartache in future.
I like to use organic insecticidal soap or my favorite neem oil.
This can be a serious and often fatal disease when fuchsia grows. Here’s what you need to know about the early signs and symptoms. Read our in-depth article here.
Harvesting and Uses of Fuchsia Berries and Flowers
You can cut and eat the flowers any time they are present. They taste best when they are slightly more ripe.
While most people are growing fuchsias for the flowers, don’t forget the berries. As the flower matures and falls off, the plant’s berry is left behind and begins to ripen. The berries on some hybrids can be anywhere between 1/2 inch to an inch.
Wait until they become soft and as dark as possible. Taste one, and if it’s sweet, you know when to pick the rest.
They don’t store well, so if you need to preserve a good amount of them, freeze them like any other berry.
You can use these wonderful berries to make jams and jellies, add to fruit salads and desserts, or just eat them fresh.
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