What is a Queenless Hive and What Can You Do to Fix It?

Raising bees for honey can be extremely challenging – and extremely frustrating, especially if you don’t really know what you’re doing.

We raised bees in our farm for many years, and over time, gave up the chase as we lost our hives for harsh winters (that’s another story).

In those years, we were really good at determining that our hive was queenless.

This happened to us often, and fortunately, we had a good friend who helped us and advised us when he should be replaced.

Many people think that the loss of a queen indicates the total demise of a hive. However, one does not need to lead the other.

Really you can do Come back when you have a queenless hive – as long as you can quickly recognize the loss of a queen and take steps to measure the situation.

Signs Your Hive is Queenless

A queen bee
Queenless Hive

1. Egg Crunch

The first and most obvious sign of a queenless hive is that you have no eggs or brood. The queen’s job is to lay fertilized labor bee eggs – in fact, she is the only one who can perform this task.

So, there’s no mistake – if you don’t see any eggs or zucchini, there’s a good chance you have a queenless hive. Always check for eggs. If you are able to quickly identify the lack of eggs and broods, you can often correct the condition before there is too much damage.

An important caveat to this, though – there is a chance that you have no eggs or brood and are still a queen. He can no longer be fertile or he can take a break. Brood brakes are a technique that bees use to naturally control various brood diseases and problems such as Vero Mite infestation.

If that’s the case, you don’t have to (or should) do much. As soon as the disease has resolved itself, the queen will start laying.

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2. Low Population

Every day, bees die. It is just a fact of life. It is not necessary that you are doing something wrong. However, the problem is that in a queenless hive, those fallen bees simply cannot be replaced (even if they have died of natural causes).

Unfortunately, it may take you enough time for your hive population to notice them. This means that by the time you recognize that your hive is queenless, you may be late to do anything.

3. Enlarged Honey

With no option for care, the labor bees that were once responsible for this task will be out of the job. Therefore, you can see increased honey shops as more bees occupy themselves with tasks such as foraging.

It is important to note that this “symptom” may also manifest in hives with queens. For example, when there is a strong flow of nectar and the colony simply needs more room, the bees will store food at the top of their priority list.

4. Empty Queen Cell

In some cases, a delectable queenless bunch will decide to make their own replacement queen. If you notice queen cells without the presence of a queen, this is a good sign that your queen is no longer around.

What does a queen cell look like? It looks a lot like there are no larvae inside the recently opened tin edge. If you see the hatched queen cells but no other signs of the queen, you may have a so-called “virgin queen” who has not yet begun to lay down. Virgin queens can be difficult to identify but are generally much smaller than actual queens.

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5. Laying Workers

Although unusual, a hive that has been queenless for a long time may eventually develop some laying workers. Worker bees are female so they can lay eggs, but their eggs will not be fertilized like a queen. They have never been to the maiden

Interestingly, these unfertilized eggs will develop completely and eventually hatch. However, they become drones.

This is probably one of the most challenging signs of dealing with a queen’s hive as it can be difficult to correct a colony when it occurs. Even if you are able to introduce a queen, there is a chance that the colony will reject her.

6. Other Practices

You can see that the overall tilt of your hive. Your bees may be more aggressive or even more nervous. You may hear new or unusual sounds coming from your hive, such as a dull roar or even a high pitched whine.

Some queens will walk near the entrance without a hive and spread their wings in different ways before reaching out for bait for food.

What is the reason for becoming queen?

Like any other creature, the queen of bees can and eventually always dies. There are many reasons behind queen bee deaths but the most common are disease, predator attack and beekeeper mistake.

While some of these can be prevented, in many cases, a queen bee dies only because it has met her natural demise. Death happens due to old age

How long can a hive be queen free?

If you are adamant that your hive is without a queen, then you must be thinking how tall this queen can be. This answer depends on how the queen died and how long do you think it might be between the time the queen died and when you first saw it.

If your queen died in old age, for example, you don’t have for very long – often, the old queens outgrow the sperm, so the last eggs that were laid out were degraded.

On the other hand, if you know exactly how your queen died – such as if you accidentally crushed her – then you have more time on your hands. Your hive may be queenless for a month while things are going right.

What to do when you are without a queen

1. Check Queenlessness – and double and triple check!

If you are not 100% sure that your hive is queenless, double and triple-checked before taking any steps to rectify the situation. You do not want to inadvertently destroy a productive hive.

The best way to test for queenlessness is to provide your bees with open brood frames from another colony. Wait for a few days, then see if the bees are trying to make emergency queens on the frame. Emergency queen cells indicate the presence of a queenless honeycomb.

Another approach is to set a cached queen in the frame. Look at the bees. If they fly towards the queen, quickly shaking their wings, there is a good chance that the hive is queenless. If, however, bees react aggressively, then your hive is likely completely fine.

2. Lay a frame of young, open brood (or eggs from another hive)

By providing your bees with a frame from young, open brood or egg hive, you can allow them to be your queen. It takes a long time, so it’s not a fair strategy if you think it’s been a while since you were the last queen.

It takes 3 weeks for a fertilized egg to become a laboring bee. Again, I would not recommend this method if you think it is some time without a queen. What passes every day causes the death of more bees that are not being replaced. This strategy can be more difficult even during winter and fall months.

However, this strategy has some advantages. For starters, a queen that is naturally bred will have wilder, more wild genes – as a result your colony will be stronger and healthier. This will also preserve the genetic diversity of your colony. This solution also costs some money and less interference from you. Sometimes the source can also be difficult for queens, so it may be the only option.

3. Buy and install a queen

Buying and installing a queen is one of the easiest ways for your colony to get it right. While you can allow bees to make their queen from a young breed in another queen colony, buying a queen is much faster.

Setting up a new queen is very quick and your hive will be found to the queen almost immediately. Remember, the longer your hive works without a queen, the more likely it is that your workers will start lying down – and the greater the impact on the hive.

You can buy a queen for only $ 20 or $ 30 or add a plus for overnight shipping. You will put the bee in a cage in the hive, so that it is safe, while the colony is exempt from it. The queen usually takes up to a week when she lays eggs once.

4. Mix Queenless Hive with a Queen

You can also combine your queenless hive with a nut, or “nucleus colony”. This can be difficult, especially if your queen’s hive has adopted some aggressive behavior in the queen’s absence. Also, you will need to devote some time so that the colony can be used to smell the queen.

If you choose this option, you will need to set up a mesh between the two as you are starting. Once all the bees are accustomed to the smell of the queen, you can remove the barrier.

5. Start a new colony

You may not want to hear this, but sometimes the best solution is to reduce your losses and start over. Often all this work is not worth the effort that a colony has to get through completely. Especially if your workers have already started lying down, starting a new colony may be your best bet. Just cut the honey from your hive, move it to another colony, and start anew.


If you notice that your hive is suddenly queenless, do not panic. Take some time to calmly evaluate your situation. Then, determine which of these solutions would be the best solution for you. Often, you will be able to get your colony fully in no time!

Idea Source: morningchores.com

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