What Is It and Tips To Prevent and Treat This Swine Disease
It’s not just a pig that doesn’t showered in the long run (although let’s be honest here – you are Really Taking the time to make sure your pig gets sood? If so, this is a pig-rearing strategy I haven’t heard of!).
Nor is it a pig who has eaten too many French fries.
Instead, greasy pig is a disease that can be incredibly dangerous for an animal. A bacterial infection of the skin, it is a disease known by many names, including Marmite disease.
Whatever you call it, it is important that you take steps to get rid of this disease before it makes your pigs extremely ill.
Here you need to know.
What is greasy pig?
Smooth pigs, also known as greasy skin, marmite disease, and exudative epidermitis, can be used to make fun of clean swine, like a low colloquy. However, it can actually be quite harmful.
The disease is caused by bacterial infection of the skin Staphylococcus hiccus Bacteria. This bacterium is known to colonize the skin of many pigs, but for most, it does not cause any symptoms or signs of the disease. Instead, it lives harmlessly there. It is uniquely non-irritating to most pigs, so it is difficult to diagnose.
The advantage of this “latent” nature of the bacterium is that it makes it relatively easy to diagnose compared to another pigskin issue, the sarcoptic mange, which has more obvious signs of infection.
Small pigs can affect pigs of all ages, from young pigs to older adults. It can present in many ways, that too, which can make it a little difficult to treat.
Signs of greasy pig
Symptoms of greasy pig will vary depending on the age of your pig. In young pigs, which are up to 7 weeks old, the most common sign is the development of black or brown scab. Usually, these first appear around the pig’s shoulders and shoulders before they spread to the rest of the body.
Although these symptoms are usually younger in older pigs, younger people, especially in 3 or 4 days, the disease can be fatal, primarily due to fluid imbalances.
You may also find that there is some problem called acute ulcerative dermatitis. It is most common on the pig’s chest and abdomen and is often confused with contact ulcers. It is most common in newborn piglets and is often fatal.
You can see that there is total blackness of the pig’s facial skin. It is most common in pig litters where tooth clipping is not practiced. You may find that the entire head, face, neck of the pigs and even the shoulders of the veno sucker become black.
As the sleek pig-related ulcers heal, especially in older pigs, you may notice that the extremities appear gangrene or completely rotten. Rotten areas are often hairless and have different orange colors. Chronically infected pigs can also develop skin that appears wrinkled and thick.
You can also see that your pigs suffer from issues like depression and failure to eat. You probably won’t notice fever or boiled sores – these are not common symptoms of greasy pig.
Treatment of greasy pig
Your first step in treating the greasy pig is to prevent the affected pigs from spreading away from the rest of the pig.
Then, the time has come to cure the disease. Because it is a bacterial infection, it is almost always easier to stop the greasy pig than to treat it. Not only is it relatively easy to stop, but overfeeding with antibiotics (the first line of defense for this disease) can lead to the development of antibiotic-resistant strains of bacteria. This can be extremely problematic later.
Antibiotics such as lycomycin, cephalosporin, or penicillin are usually the most effective treatments. You will need to contact a veterinarian, however, to ensure that you are using an effective antibiotic for the strain of bacteria and that a reasonable dose is being given. If the dose is not spot-on, you may find that it does not penetrate well into the skin and is not effective for your pigs.
Some topical antibiotics can be used as well as the ones mentioned above are oral and injectable, but again, you will have to consult with a veterinarian to make sure this is the right option for you.
If you are trying to treat greasy pig in piglets, then you have to re-hydrate them. Make sure that you not only provide them with enough drinking water, but also replace lost electrolytes.
Finally, there are some medical soaps that you can use to treat greasy pig. These remove the film on the skin and can kill local skin bacteria. However, you have to consult the vet to make sure that you are not just temporarily treating the condition and getting rid of the problem for good.
Preventive measures for the pig environment
More often than not, the greasy pig is going to be very easy to cure. Here are some steps that you can take to reduce the chances of appearing in your farm.
1. Prevent boredom and overcrowding
One of the most common causes of greasy pig is damage to the skin of pigs. Pigs are going to play and fight with each other no matter what you do. Just as “boys will be boys, so will pigs be pigs.”
However, you can limit the amount of damage and injury you can inflict on one another by limiting congestion and boredom. Make sure that your pigs have plenty of space to roam and are not filled in small stalls where they have no other option but to play with each other.
It can also prevent another major cause of greasy pig, which is a layer of feces or oil on the skin. This type of environment is conducive to bacterial growth, especially when it comes to bacteria that cause greasiness.
2. improve ventilation
High humidity can also multiply greasy pig bacteria. Although you cannot control the weather, you can improve the level of ventilation in your barn.
Make sure you have fans running to improve airflow as necessary and remember that while insulation is important, you don’t want to have a barn very Well insulated, as it can create moisture.
3. Quarantine new arrivals
When bringing new animals to the farm, take time to extinguish new arrivals. Although the bacteria responsible for the greasy pig live on the skin of most pig populations, the strains are constantly evolving and when you add new pigs to the farm, you can be introduced to the new form without knowing it.
Therefore, to prevent this disease as well as many others, it is a good idea to quarantine any new pigs you have brought to the farm. Take at least a week to make sure that you are not accidentally introducing any new pathogens to your other animals.
4. Clip Teeth
This is a very controversial practice that is far-fetched – but it is a step you may need to consider if you are concerned about the greasy pig in your farm.
Tooth clipping is something that farmers choose to do to newborn piglets for a number of reasons, one of them being that it prevents them from harming their mother’s milk when they suck.
Tooth clipping can also be done to prevent injury to each other and to increase the likelihood of blood loss and of course greasy pig. Naturally, you should explore all other options before relying on it as a method of controlling the disease.
Often, you can eliminate the need for tooth clipping by giving your piggy back plenty of space to move around, eliminating boredom and fighting like this.
5. Check the floor
One final tip when it comes to stopping greasy pig, make sure your floor is up to sniff. Sickness around the feet is more common when pigs are subjected to floors and housing areas that are constantly soiled. Make sure your pigs are kept in a clean environment and often have a bed space.
Keep your pigs clean to prevent greasy pigs
Good News? Smooth pig is much less common on small pigs than it is in large, commercial boar operations.
However, if you notice symptoms among your pigs, it is relatively easy to detect. Of course, prevention is the easiest way to treat this disease. This is why it is very important to ensure that your pigs are kept in a clean environment continuously.
Some farmers go so far as to wash their pigs with an antibacterial solution or soap such as soap. However, this is rarely necessary.
Follow the steps listed above. You should be able to keep your pigs clean – and free from skin problems like greasy pig.
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Idea Source: morningchores.com