Pruning is an essential part of plant care, but you must take care of prune at the right time of the year. Some plants need pruning in winter when they are dormant.
Pruning in the winter shows your plants to focus on flowers and fruits when they grow in spring. It also maintains a healthy shape and reduces the risk of diseases.
Let’s take a look at which plants should be pruned in winter and how to do it properly.
- 1 Why do you want in winter
- 2 8 Best Plants for Winter Pruning
- 3 7 winter pruning tips
Why do you want in winter
Most people consider pruning to be a fall or spring job, but winter pruning has its own place.
If you live in a temperate zone, there is a possibility that the plant will become dormant throughout the winter months. Active growth stops, and your plants rest and hunker down for a few months.
This is why winter and very early spring are the best times for pruning for some plants, especially if you want to adjust the size.
You should work hard in winter before any new growth starts. When your plant comes out of lethargy, it will devote all its energy to new, healthy growth as the temperature rises.
The second benefit of winter pruning is simple – the leaves have gone in winter. This makes it very easy to see what you are doing and do not miss the branches that need pruning.
8 Best Plants for Winter Pruning
As we mentioned, not all plants need pruning in winter. The following winter months include a few on your to-do list.
The best time to prune grapes is in December or January. Cut vines back into the main arm trained to grow with the support system. This is important only for prickling of grapes in winter, when they become dormant because the wound will flow.
2. Autumn-bearing raspberries
This is important to ensure you only autumn-bearing raspberries, not spring-bearing, winter. You can cut the can to a few inches below the ground.
February is the ideal month for raspberry pruning. This helps to encourage your plant to send seedlings that will bear fruit in the fall.
Fig trees are considered best in December or January when the trees are in their dormant state. If you prune outside this time, bleeding lesions.
When you prick the fig tree, make sure you leave evenly spaced, straight branches behind. Then, remove the branches that go out of shape as you wish.
These plants are vigorous climbers, so you usually need to prune them twice per year. It is best to prune them in December and June or July. Pruning twice promotes flowering.
During Winter’s own winter pruning, return all of the side-shoots to the third or fourth bud. When you prick in summer, cut off all parts of the shoot by several inches.
Some types of roses can be pruned in winter, such as hybrid tea and shrub roses, but make sure that you are not pruning roses in the winter. It is best to do this in late summer.
When you are pruning roses in winter, your goal is to cut thin, weak stems, leaving behind about six thick, healthy claws. Remove any sucker, as well.
Aim to remove inward-growing branches so that new growth is encountered. Do not leave the rose bush more than 18-48 inches tall, depending on the variety.
6. Apple and Pear Trees
The best time for apple and pear trees is from November to mid March. Your goal is to encourage fruiting while maintaining the classic wine-glass shape of your tree. You should cut down any shoots at the base of the tree, as well as dead, diseased or cross branches.
7. Deciduous Shrubs
If you have deciduous shrubs on your property, winter is the best time to prick them. You should cross any damaged or diseased wood, as well as any branches, as this rub may injure the bush.
Winter pruning is preferred for deciduous trees and shrubs, because with all the leaves, you can see what you are doing. Also, bushes and trees are not as active as sap, they are less likely to bleed.
8. Multiple Fruit Bush
If you have blackcurrent, blueberry, gooseberry or redcurrent on your property, you should prune in the winter.
With your winter pruning of fruit bushes your goal is to remove old wood and make the best shape. Doing so leaves healthy, young branches behind so that a bigger crop can be produced every year.
7 winter pruning tips
So now that you know which plants to prune in winter, there are some things that you need to know to do the right thing.
1. Prune at the right time
Plan pruning on a mild, dry day when there has been no recent rain or snowfall. A dry day prevents waterborne plant diseases from spreading. It also prevents damage from cold temperatures.
You do not want to prune too early in winter because the incisions dry up if the temperature drops too much after pruning.
Best time for prune flowering bushes
You can prun the bushes in winter, which will help them form flowers on new wood, which is a growth seen in spring. In winter you will need some flowering shrubs, including:
- Butterfly Bush
- rose of Sharon
Best time for trees
If you have any evergreen shrubs or trees, they can prune in late winter or early spring. Shade trees, such as oak trees, require pruning in late winter or early spring.
2. Remove dead and diseased branches
The first thing you should do is take out dead and diseased branches, especially if they have been damaged by snow and ice.
Pay full attention to your trees and shrubs in search of diseased and damaged branches. Any branches infected with canker are required to remove apple trees, and magnolia trees often have dead branches due to Verticillium wilt.
3. Always Prune Crossing Branch
Rubbing or rubbing branches is not good for your plant. Over time, as they rub and kill each other, it can cause sores on the branches. Wounds are problematic because it gives pests and diseases a vulnerable place to attack your plant.
4. Prune for air circulation
Lack of air circulation in your plants is one of the leading causes of fungal diseases.
You can increase the airflow around your plants by removing overgrowth and small branches on the tree crown. Another option is to mow the lower branches on evergreen shrubs.
5. Prune the Buds
The best place to cut branches is at the node, where one branch or twig connects to another. If you have new shrubs or trees, cutting the buds is important because it tells the plant to devote its energy towards developing a strong root system.
Don’t be shy about pruning. You can cut new fruit bushes in only three branches!
6. Prune for structure again
To give proper shape to your bushes and trees, work on structural pruning. This involves removing crossing branches as described earlier, but you can prune for aesthetics, which helps you keep your plants the desired shape.
7. Clean the device
You never know when you encounter disease on a plant, so it is important for you to clean your equipment after pruning.
After sorting try using a homemade disinfection solution. You can make a solution using alcohol or household bleach with water. Typically, you want a 10% solution. Use a rag to wipe all the bottom of the blade and allow them to air dry.
Idea Source: morningchores.com